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CHEROKEE GENEALOGICAL RESOURCES

AND

Excerpts from "Heart of the Eagle" by Prof. Brent Yanusdi Cox (used with verbal permission)

Quiet Dignity by Talmadge Quiet Dignity - 
My Grandma




Talmadge Davis' Grandma, a full-blood Cherokee, was a spiritual woman and a midwife. She delivered, at last count, 225 children, including a Supreme Court Justice. There have been numerous articles and stories written about her and the stories she told her children and grandchildren about Sequoyah (her great-grandfather twice removed) as well as the story of the White Butterfly. A very enjoyable and proud moment in my life was going to a Museum in Cherokee, NC, and finding a story about Sequoyah and my Grandma. I hope this painting expresses the full amount of my love for this beautiful woman who earned every line in her hands and face.


She is still deeply loved and missed."



see also SOME CHEROKEE ROLLS NOW ONLINE

see also Cherokee Genealogy Books available from Amazon.com

see also CHEROKEE GENEALOGICAL RESOURCES - THE POWHATAN/CHEROKEE CONFEDERACY

see also CHICKAMAUGAN RELATIVES AND IN-LAWS

see also GATEWAY TO THE WEST by J.M. Mosely (circa 1950) Now Online!

see also HISTORY of ALABAMA AND INCIDENTALLY OF GEORGIA AND MISSISSIPPI, FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD by Albert James Pickett NOW ONLINE!

1832 Creek Census
By a treaty of March 24, 1832, the Creek Indians ceded to the United States all of their land east of the Mississippi River. Heads of families were entitled to tracts of land, which, if possible, were to include their improvements.

1835 Cherokee East of the Mississippi Census Index
In 1835, the Cherokee Nation contained almost 22,000 Cherokees and almost 300 Whites connected by marriage.

Shawnee 1871 Census
Register of the names of members of the Shawnee Tribe of Indians who have moved to and located in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, (prior to the 10th day of June, 1871) within two years from the 9th day of June 1869, in accordance with an agreement entered into by and between the Shawnee Tribe of Indians and the Cherokee Nation of Indians, through their Delegations in Washington City, D.C. United States of America, on the 7th day of June, 1869 Jan Gilles

1880 Cherokee Census
The census of 1880 was authorized by an act of the Cherokee National Council Senate Bill No. 33 on December 1, 1879.

Enrollment of the Five Civilized Tribes 1896 Applications
This is the Index of Cherokees, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Creek found on microfilm M1650 obtained from the National Archives in Fort Worth, Texas.  If your ancestor was on the 1896 Cherokee Census they probably will NOT be on this index.  This is NOT the 1896 CENSUS.  It is an index of people who were NOT recognized by the Cherokee Tribe and subsequently made application to be considered for citizenship.

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HEART OF THE EAGLE: DRAGGING CANOE AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE CHICKAMAUGA CONFEDERACY - By Brent Yanusdi Cox, 1998, Chenanee Publishers

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SCROLL DOWN TO READ GENBEALOGICAL EXCERPTS BELOW!

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EXCERPTS "FROM HEART OF THE EAGLE" by Brent "YANUSDI" Cox

Reprinted here under the "Fair Use" doctrrine

(c) 1998, Chenanee Publishers, Brent "Yanusdi" Cox - permission of Professor Brent Cox respectfully sought.

The following information is a copyrighted work and was obtained from the excellent work of Brent Cox entitled "Heart of the Eagle - Dragging Canoe and the Emergence of the Chickamauga Confederacy."

This book is OUT OF PRINT and used copies on Amazon.com sell for upwards of $200.00 !


Cherokees at the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals

(Names/Ranks/Locations)

Abram (Old) Oskuah Headman Chilohowie

Annecekah Annecekah Tuskega

Badger Ocunna Warrior Overhills

Benge Warrior Great Island

Bloody Fellow Nooneteyah Warrior

Branham, Jesse Interpreter Overhills

Bread Slave Catcher Counselor Chatuga

Bryant, John Chenawee? Trader Overhills

Cappee Cappee Chota

Chenesta Chenesta Middle Towns

Chenesley Chenesley Headman Overhills

Chestnut Tillehaweh Hiwassee

Doublehead Tal-tsuska Headman Overhills

Dragging Canoe Tai-yu-gunsini Headman Great Island

Girl Annakehusah Tuskega

Great Eagle Willenawah Warrior Overhills

Groundhog Sausage Oconostota Principal man Chota

Hanging Maw Uskwaliguta Headman Overhills

Lame Arm Utsidihi Warrior Settico

Leaning Wood Attakullakulla Peace headman Tomatley

Long Fellow Tuskeegeeteechee Warrior Chistatoa

Lyin Fish Utsutiganagohi Warrior Overhills

Mankiller Outacite Military Hiwassee

Mannaturiia Mannaturiia

Nettle Carrier Talotiskee Warrior Overhills

Nionee Attakullakulla's wife Tomatley

Oconostota's wife (3rd. wife) Chota

Old Tassel Onitositah Counselor Chota

Osiotto Osioota Diplomat Chilohowie

Queeleekah Queeleekah Hiwassee

Pigeon Amoyah Headman Natchey Creek

Pot Clay Kataquilla Chilohowie

Pumpkin Boy lyahuwagiautsa Overhills

Raven Colonah,Savanooka Counselor Chota

Raven Rollowch Military Tellies River

Skiatukah Skiatukah Headman Citico

Great Hawk Sunnewah (Tsalnuwah) Big Island

Tame Doe Attakullakulla's sister Natchey Creek

Tenase Warrior Warrior Tenase

Terrapin Tuckasee Warrior Chiles Tooch

Toostooh Spring Frog Tellies River

Ward, Nancy Ghigau Beloved Woman Chota

White Mankiller Unacata Warrior Natchey Creek

White Owl Ookoonekah Town Headman Natchey Creek

Young Tassel Kunokeski


THE CHICKAMAUGA TOWNS 1777-1792

CHICKAMAUGA

Cherokee name, Tsikamagi, no meaning, Creek origin from Chukko-micco, "Dwelling Place of the War Chief" Located within Chattanooga's present city limits, on Chickamauga Creek (Brainerd area). Village settled in 1777 by Dragging Canoe and the warriors formerly of Great Island. Destroyed in April 1779 by Colonel Evan Shelby.

CITICO/SETTICO

Cherokee name, Ustutigivayi, "Big Fish There." Located within Chattanooga's present city limits, about 1/2 mile west of Chickamauga. Village settled in 1777 by the refuges of Settico of the Overhills. Destroyed in April 1779 by Colonel Evan Shelby.

KITUWAH

Cherokee name, Gatugiwa, a special name used by the Cherokees for themselves. No meaning, other than to signify, the Cherokees. Located within Chattanooga's present city limits. Village settled in 1777. Destroyed in April 1779 by Colonel Evan Shelby.

OOLTEWAH CREEK

A Chickamauga town supposed to have been founded by Ostenaco or Judd's Friend. Located on Ooltewah Creek or Judd's Creek.

TELASSEE

Cherokee name, Talasi, no meaning, possibly "town." Located near Chickamauga. Village settled in 1777.

TLANUWA

Cherokee name, Tlanuwa, "Hawk Hole," Cherokee name for Chattanooga. Also known as Chattanooga town.

TOQUA

Cherokee name, Dakwai, "Place of the Great Mythic Fish." Located within Chattanooga's present city limits. Village settled in 1777 by the refuges of Toqua of the Overhills. Destroyed in April 1779 by Colonel Evan Shelby.

TUSKEEGEE

Creek name, Tuskegee, "Warrior's Place." Located near Suck Creek and the Suck, down river from Chattanooga, north bank of Tennessee River. This island town was settled in 1777. Destroyed in April 1779 by Colonel Evan Shelby. Bloody Fellow founded this town.

ASSOCIATED TOWNS

AMOYIEE

Cherokee name, Amoyee, "Water Place" Located near Hiwassee River and north of Chickamauga.

CHESTOEE

Cherokee name, Tsistuyi, "Rabbit Place." A settlement on the north bank of the Hiwassee River at Chestoee Creek, Polk County, Tennessee.

HIWASSEE

Cherokee name, Ayuhwasi, "Savannah or Meadow." Located on Hiwassee River and north of Chickamauga. Sevier led his 1788 Chickamauga Raid from this village

OCOEE

Cherokee name, Uwagahi, "Apricot Place." Word of Creek origin, which derives from the Creek term oak, or water. Located east of Chickamauga in the Valley Settlements of the Cherokees.

FIVE LOWER TOWNS AND RELATED VILLAGES

CROWTOWN

Cherokee name, Kaguayi, "Crowtown." Located near present Stevenson, Alabama on the Tennessee River. One of Five Lower Towns of the Chickamaugas, settled after 1779. This was the largest of the Lower towns and was located on Crow Creek.

LONG ISLAND TOWN

Cherokee name, Amayeligunahita, "Long island." Located near present Bridgeport, Alabama on the Tennessee River One of Five Lower Towns of the Chickamaugas, settled after 1779, This settlement contained several dwellings, and was located in Dekalb County, Alabama.

LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN TOWN

Cherokee name, Stecoyee, Cilico, "Big Fish There." Located near present Trenton, Dade County, Georgia on Chickamauga Creek. One of Five Lower Towns of the Chickamaugas, settled after 1779. Little Owl's town.

NICKAJACK

Cherokee name, AniKusatiyi, "Old Creek Place." Located near present Shellmound, Tennessee. One of Five Lower Towns of the Chickamaugas, settled after 1779. Nickajack Cave, Tecallasee. This settlement was located on the south bank of the, Tennessee River, and contained forty dwellings. It was destroyed by Major James Ore 13 September 1794.

RUNNINGWATER

Cherokee name, Amogayunyi, "Running Water." Located three miles above Nickajack. One of Five Lower Towns of the Chickamaugas, settled by 1779. The principal settlement of the Chickamauga- Cherokees. A large Shawnee population resided here. Tecumseh and the Prophet visited here. This was Dragging Canoe's headquarters. This settlement was located on the south bank of the Tennessee River, and contained one hundred dwellings. It was destroyed by Major James Ore 13 September 1794.

TUSKEEGEE ISLAND TOWN

This settlement was formerly a part of the, Chickamauga Towns, and maintained a population after Shelby's Raids, 1779 This village guarded the "Suck," or Unkya, "Pot in the Water " Same as Tuskegee.

WILLSTOWN

Cherokee name, Wiliyi or Wilisi, "Will's Town." Located in Fort Payne, DeKalb County, Alabama. One of Five Lower Towns of the Chickamaugas, settled after 1777. Town named after Chief Will Webber Located in Will's Valley, and mainly settled in 1779.

ASSOCIATED TOWNS

BULLTOWN

Located a few miles south of Lookout Mountain Town on Chickamauga Creek near modern Trenton, Georgia.

COLDWATER

Located west of Muscle Shoals, Alabama on south side of Tennessee River. A Creek settlement allied to the Chickamauga.

COOSAWATIE

Located southeast of Lookout Mountain Town, in Georgia on the Coosa River.

DOUBLEHEAD'S TOWN

Located East of Muscle Shoals, Alabama on the Tennessee River. Doublehead served under Dragging Canoe for a period. May have been located in modern Center Star, Alabama.

EUSTANALA

Destroyed by Sevier as a town related to the Chickamaugas in 1782. Located in northwest Georgia near Coosa River.

HIGHTOWER

Located in northwestern Georgia.

KIEWKAH

Destroyed by Sevier in 1782. Located near Hiwassee.

LEKATCHKA

or Broken Arrow was a Upper Creek town allied to the Confederacy.

LONG SWAMP

Located in northeastern Georgia. Also called New Town.

SALICOE

Located in northeastern Georgia and associated with Hightower and Long Swamp.

TURKEY TOWN

Located a few miles south of Lookout Mountain Town on Chickamauga Creek (Georgia), and just above Bulltown.

VANN'S TOWN

Destroyed by Sevier in 1782. Located in northwest Georgia.


THE FAMILIES OF ATTAKULLAKULLA AND DRAGGING CANOE

MOYTOY Born: before 1700. The Cherokee term for Moytoy was Amoadawehi (Amahetai) or Rain or Water Conjuror. He was from Great Hiwassee or Little Hiwassee of the Valley. He later became the head warrior of Tellico of the Overhills. In 1730, he was appointed the Emperor (British medal chief) of the Cherokee Nation by British imperialists. He died in battle in 1741. This was the same year of Caulunna's death (see Family of Oconostota). Caulunna was a significant Cherokee leader in the era of Moytoy, and was Oconostota's uncle, and Quatsis' brother It has been speculated by some that Caulunna and Moytoy were the same person- In fact, many secondary sources state that Oconostota and Attakullakulla were brothers. Attakullakulla's mother was the sister of Moytoy, and Old Hop was their brother, If Moytoy was Caulunna, he would have been both Oconostota and Attakullakulla's older uncle. He would have been responsible for the upbringing of both through manhood, This may ex-plain why some historians conclude that Oconostota and Attakullakulla were relatives. Yet, neither family ever mentioned being kin to one another. Also, Old Hop stated that Attakullakulla was his nephew. In the same statement, Old Hop mentions Oconostota without calling him his relative. There are no documented records to prove that Caulunna and Moytoy were the same person Moytoy was a Cherokee man. See: Caulunna and Old Hop.

Daughter of Moytoy and an unknown mother, She married Christian Priber, a German Jesuit, about 1738. She was a Cherokee woman,

RAVEN OF HIWASSEE Child of Moytoy. Born: probably about 1710. He was also called King of the Valley and Raven of the Valley. He was the principal leader of the Valley Towns, and was one of the most influential Cherokees in the 1750s. It was believed that he died about 1756, yet some records mention him as late as 1761. He was a Cherokee man.

SKIENAH Child of the Raven of Hiwassee, He was from Little Hiwassee, and was a Cherokee man.

MOYTOY (II) Child of the Raven of Hiwassee. He was called Amahetai or Rain Conjuror, the same name used by his grandfather. He was a member of the Tellico faction, when Aunmouskossittee was appointed to replace Moytoy (1). He was a Cherokee man.

PIGEON Child of the Raven of Hiwassee. The Cherokee term for Pigeon was Amoyah. He was called Woey by the white population. He was held hostage at Fort Prince George in 1759, and was released with Oconostota. He was a Cherokee man.

SKIAROW Child of the Raven of Hiwassee. He lived at Juforchee, and was a Cherokee man.

GEORGERA Possible child of the Raven of Hiwassee.

AMMOUSHOSSITTEE Child of Moytoy. Born 1728 The English terms for Ammouskossittee were Bad Water He was also called the Emperor of Tellico, Tacite of Euphassee (Mankiller of Hiwassee), and the Young Emperor. After his father's death in 1741, the British appointed him the Emperor of the Cherokee Nation. He was only a teenager at this time, and he was not able to control the various towns. Johnny of Tenase and Ostenaco served as his advisors. The Breed Slave Catcher and Captain Ceaser were also a part of his council. Old Hop, his uncle, ended the British appointed rulership, which in turn ended Ammouskossittee's role as an headman. He was a Cherokee man.

OLD HOP Brother of Moytoy and uncle of Attakullakulla. Born: probably before 1700. He was called Connecorte, Kanagatoga or Standing Turkey, and Uku of Chota. He ended the British appointed rulership over the Cherokees, and became the Principal headman about 1753. He lived at Chota. During the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763), Old Hop kept active relations with the English and their enemies, the French, Oconostota and Kittogunsta served as Old Hop's trusted advisors,

Old Hop was the chosen leader of the Cherokee people through his death, 1 January 1760. He was replaced by his son, Oukah Ulah. He was a Cherokee man.

OUKAH ULAH Child of Old Hop. The English terms for Oukah Ulah were "ruler to be." Actually, he was to replace his father as the headman of Chota. As Chota was considered the primary town of leadership, this would allow him to become the next Principal headman. He was not a hereditary ruler, as some historians have suggested. The English believed that the oldest son should be next to become Principal Headman. Oukah Ulah did replace his father, yet under the close supervision of Oconostota and Kittegunsta. His actual name was unknown, yet it is possible that he was Standing Turkey. He was a Cherokee man.

KANAGATOGA Child of Old Hop. The English terms for Kanagatoga were Standing Turkey. It was known that Old Hop had two natural sons. It is likely that Standing Turkey and Oukah Ulah were the same, as Standing Turkey was noted as one of the most influential Cherokees by 1760. If that was true, then the second sons' name was unknown. He was a Cherokee man.

CAPPEE Adopted son or slave of Old Hop. He served as a French/Cherokee diplomat, and was a close associate of French John. He may have been a former African slave.

FRENCH JOHN Adopted Son or slave of Old Hop. He was a French/Cherokee diplomat on behalf of Old Hop and his council. He was Canadian, and noted as C' est un esclate voluntaire or a slave. He was associated with John Lantaniack of Fort Toulouse, who had a Cherokee wife, Oxinaa (Nancy Butler), and a child. He was also associated with Savannah Tom and the Thigh. Together, these men maintained a strong French faction among the Cherokees. They were associated with the French at Fort Toulouse, Mobile, and New Orleans. He was French Canadian.

Sister of Moytoy and Old Hop, and mother of Attakullakulla. She was probably married to a man named Tom? Or Thomas? Carpenter. She was a Cherokee woman.

ATTAKULLAKULLA First child of Moytoy and Old Hop's sister. He was either the adopted son or natural son, Born about 1710. His sister, Tame Doe, was of the Wolf Clan, so Attakullakulla would have also been a Wolf. He was called Ookoonaka or White Owl, Chugonanta Tommy, and Attakultakulla or Leaning Wood. His name, Leaning Wood, implies that he could not be trusted, or like leaning wood, you never know which way it will fall. In 1762, he acted as the Principal Headman, but soon after, Oconostota regained the position. He died about 1780, and he was either a Nipissing or Cherokee man.

NIONEE The possible name of Attakullakulla's wife. She was a Cherokee woman.

DRAGGING CANOE First child of Attakullakulla and a Cherokee woman. He was was a Cherokee man.

WHITE OWL Second child of Attakullakulla and brother of Dragging Canoe, The Cherokee term for White Owl was Ookoonaka. He lived at Natchey Creek of the Overhills, and was a Cherokee man.

BADGER Third child of Attakullakulla and brother of Dragging Canoe. The Cherokee term for Badger was Ocurina He, was a Cherokee man.

WHITE MANKILLER Fourth child of Attakullakulla and brother of Dragging Canoe. The Cherokee term for White Mankiller was Unacatadihi or Yonegateehee. He was a Cherokee man.

TURTLE-AT-HOME Fifth child of Attakullakulla and brother of Dragging Canoe. He stated that his father was not Cherokee, but was adopted. He was a Cherokee man,

STUART, John Adopted by Attakullakulla. He began as an English soldier at Fort Loudon, yet later advanced to superintendent of Indian Affairs. He was of Scottish descent.

TAME DOE Sister of Attakullakulla and niece of Moytoy and Old Hop. She was of the Wolf Clan, and married Sir Francis Ward. She was the mother of Nancy Ward, and was a Cherokee woman.

LONGFELLOW First child of Tame Doe and Sir Francis Ward, and the brother of Nancy Ward. Born 1737 He was a Cherokee man.

WARD, NANCY Second child of Tame Doe and Sir Francis Ward Born: 1738 in Chota of the Overhills Her Cherokee name was Nanyehi or Cherokee Rose. She was also called Beloved War Woman, Beloved Woman, and Ghighau. She died in 1822 in the, Amovey District near the Ocoee Rover, at her brother's home She was buried near Benton, Polk County, Tennessee. She was a Cherokee woman.

KILLAQUE Brother of Attakullakulla, and a Cherokee man.

WILLENWAH Brother of Attakullakulla. The English terms for Willenawah were Gray or Great Eagle. He was also called Tiftoya of Tenase. He was a Cherokee man.

THE TWO FAMILIES OF JOHN "OLD TRADER" BENGE

BENGE, John Born: about 1735 in Virginia. Other records suggest he may have been born as early as 1726. Known as "Old Trader, and operated a trading post on the Cumberland. He was of Scottish descent.

BENGE, Elizabeth Lewis Born: about 1740, and was the, first wife of John Benge. She was a white woman, and the daughter of William Terrell Lewis and Sally Martin Lewis

BENGE, William Lewis First child of John and Elizabeth Benge Born 1758 Albemarle County, Virginia. He was a white man.

BENGE, Elizabeth Second child of John and Elizabeth Benge. Born: 1760 in Virginia. She was a white woman.

BENGE, Sarah 'Sally' Third child of John and Elizabeth Benge. Born about 1761 in Virginia. She was a white woman

BENGE, Obediah Martin Fourth child of John and Elizabeth Benge Borm 1763 in Virginia. He was a white man.

BENGE, Joseph Fifth child of John and Elizabeth Benge Born about 1764 He wa a white man

Wurteh Second wife of John Benge and the sister of Old Tassel. Probably born in Toqua, in the Cherokee Overhills Probably met John Benge before 1761. She was a Cherokee woman.

BENGE, Robert "Bob" First child of Wurteh and John Benge Born: about 1760-1762 in Toqua, in the Cherokee Overhills Duiing the Chickamauga-Cherokee war with the Americans. Bob Benge lived in Running Water Town. There he was closely associated with the Shawnees It is said he wits a friend of Chiksika, a Shawnee warrior of Running Wator Town. Later, he relocated near Trenton, Georgia. He was murdered by Vincent Hobbs on 9 April 1794 near Powell Mountain in southwest Virginia. Stone Gap and Cumberland Gap are also listed as the location of his death. He was also known as "Captain Benge"and "Captain Bench." He was noted for his red hair. He was a Cherokee man

BENGE, Richard Second child of Wurteh and John Benge, Born before 1764 he married Betsey. He was a Cherokee man.

BENGE, ? Third child of Wurteh and John Benge, Born before 1764 This birth is questionable, but at least one source mentioned the possibility of an older daughter

BENGE, "The Tail" Fourth chdd of Wurteh and John Benge. Born about 1764 The Cherokee term for tail was Utana. He may have also been called "Martin". He lived at Willstown (Fort Payne), Alabama. He, was a Cherokee man.

BENGE, Talahuske Fifth child of Wurteh and John Benge. Born 1766, he was a Cherokee man.

BENGE, Lucy Sixth child of Wurteh and John Benge Born 1776 Several sources indicate that Lucy was born in 1786, while others suggest her birth was much earlier. She married Major George Lowery about t796 She was on the "Trail ofTears in 1839. Lucy died on 10 October 1846 in Greenleaf, Cherokee Nation. She was a Cherokee woman.

THE FAMILY OF CHIEF BOWLES OR BOWL

BOWL The son of a Scottish trader and Cherokee woman. Born ca 1756 Also called Bold Hunter, Chief Bowles, Colonel Bowles, Diwalli, Duwali, and Tewulle. His father was said to have been killed by North Carolina settlers about 1768. Bowl was the leader of Little Hiwassee town, and later moved to Running Water Town with Dragging Canoe. In 1792, Bowl became the leader of Running Water Town In about 1812, Bowl and others accepted land west of the Mississippi River In 1819, this group moved to the Angelina, Neches,Sabine, and Trinity Rivers Bowl was the principal leader of the Cherokees of Texas. On 16 July 1839, Bowl was killed in battle against Texas settlers His tombstone is located on the battlefield of Neches Plain, near Tyler, Texas "On this site the Cherokee, Chief Bowles was killed on July 16 1839 while leading 800 Indians of various nations in battle against 500 Texans. The last engagement between Cherokees and Whites in Texas. The warriors led by Bowl were of the, Cherokee, Alabama, Biloxi, Choctaw, Cooshatta, Delaware, Iwanie, Kickapoo, Quapaw, Shawano, and Unataqua tribes. Bowl had three wives during his lifetime: Jennie Bowles, Oolootsa, and Otiyu. He was a Cherokee man.

BOWLES, Jennie The first wife of Bowl.

BOWLES, Oolootsa The second wife of Bowl, and a member of the Holly Clan.

BOWLES, Otiyu The third wife of Bowl. She lived beyond her husbands' death in 1839.

BOWLES, John The first son of Bowl. He became principal leader of the Cherokee peoples of Texas after his fathers' death in 1839 John Bowles was killed in battle near the mouth of the San Saba River (San Saba County). At this battle, his mother three children, and two sisters were captured. He was a Cherokee man.

BOWLES, Standing The probable son of Bowl. He became principal leader of the Cherokee peoples of Texas after John Bowles' death. He was a Cherokee man.

BOWLES, French The child of Bowl and Jennie (91)

BOWLES, Nellie The daughter of Bowl and Jennie

BOWLES, Lightening The child of Bowl and Oolootsa.

BOWLES, Tunooeski The child of Bowl and Oolootsa.

BOWLES, Duquililu The child of Bowl and Oolootsa. He was also called Wagon Bowles. Duquililu may be the same as the, Cherokee word for "wagon," Dagwalela

BOWLES, Quatini The child of Bowl.

BOWLES, Tsagina The child of Bowl and Oolootsa.

BOWLES, Rebecca The daughter of Bowl and Otiyu (?). Born 1816, and died 10 October 1846. She was the wife of Teesee Guess.

BOWLES, Samuel The, son of Bowl and Otiyu (?)

BOWLES, Eliza The daughter of Bowl and Otiyu (?)

BOWLES, Nannie The daughter of Bowl and Otiyu (?)




THE FAMILY OF CAULUNNA AND OCONOSTOTA

CAULUNNA Born: before 1676. The English word for Caulunna was Raven. He was the leader of the Seven Clans, and went to England in 1730. Ile was killed in battle in 1741. His sister, Quatsis or Quatie, was the mother of Oconostota,the Cherokee Great Warrior and Principal Headman. He was a Cherokee man

Nancy The wife of Caulunna. She was noted as being one half white.

KALANAH First child of Caulunna and Nancy. Born: before 1740. The English term for Kalanah was Raven. His name was later changed to Savanooka (Sawanugi or Shawnee), though he was still referred to as the Raven of Chota in English records. The name Shawnee was given to him due to him being captured by that tribe at one time. There appeared to have been confusion over who Savanooka actually was. Some historians believe be was Oconostota's nephew, while others stated he married Oconostota's sister. He served as Oconostota's advisor in the second half of the eighteenth-century. He was a Cherokee man

CHICSATIHI Second child of Caulunna and Nancy. His name was later changed to Bushyhead or Oonantada. he married Nancy "Nannie" Foreman, the daughter of Anthony Foreman (Scottish) and a Cherokee woman. He was a Cherokee man.

Child of Caulunna and Nancy This unknown daughter was the older sister of Kahtayah. She, was a Cherokee woman.

KANTAYAH Fourth child of Caulunna and Nancy. She was noted as the youngest daughter, which may imply that she had more than one sister Her first husband was Alexander Drumgould, and her second husband was John Foreman, a Revolutionary War soldier. Her English name may have been Nannie Drumgould nee Doublehead. She was a Cherokee woman.

QUATSIS The sister of Caulunna and mother of Oconostota and others, Born about 1683, and also called Quatie, and married either John Beamer (sometimes mispelled as Beaver) or the Small Pox Conjuror of Settico (or both). There are two genealogical records that support Quatsis' marriage (about 1699) to John Beamer, and the presence of the Beamer family among the Cherokees from 1740 through the present supports this. John Beamer was born about 1676. His relative, James Beamer later traded with the Cherokees of Estatoe (Lower). and raised a family with a Cherokee woman. Jame's son, Thomas Beamer was listed as a halfbreed and also traded with the Cherokee. While John Beamer was probably the father of Oconostota, Shallelocke Kittegunsta, and Ooloostsa, it is recorded that the Small Pox Conjuror was the father of Kenoteta and the Mankiller of Settico. According to Cherokee tradition, it would have been Caulunna who raised all the children of his sister. Thus, Caulunna would have been considered the father (the matrilineal clan) of all these children She was a Cherokee woman.

OCONOSTOTA First child of Quatsis and John Beamer (?). Born 1710, in either Hiwassee (Valley) or Settico (Overhills). Also called Aganstata or Groundhog Sausage, Beloved Warrior, First Warrior, Great Warrior, Skiagunsta Chote. He became the Great Warrior about 1740, and later became the Principal Headman of the Cherokee Nation. Oconostota was married at least three times. His first wife was a Creek woman, with whom tuski or Terrapin was born. After his first wife died, he married Lucy Ward. It is believed that they had at least one child, Lucy Ward (II). His second wife died just after this birth in 1758 Oconostota's third wife is unknown, yet it was recorded that his wife, was present at the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals in March 1775. Oconostota died in 1783, and was buried in a canoe outside the East entrance of the Chota Townhouse site (Monroe Co , Tn) He was a Cherokee man.

SHALLELOCKE KITTEGUNSTA Second child of Quatsis and John Beamer (?) Born: about 1711. Also called King ofChota, Prince of Chota, and Second man of Chota. The English term for Shallelocke or Shaliloski was speaker. The English term for Kittegunsta was prince or second man. His actual name was not Shallelocke Kittegunsta, but rather this was an acquired title. He went to England in 1730. Kittegunsta was the father of Johnny of Tenase. He died 6 March 1768. He was a Cherokeo man.

KENOTETA Child of Quatsis and the Small Pox Conjuror of Settico The English terms for Kenoteta were Rising Fawn. He served on the council of Ammouskossittee. He was a Cherokee man.

TACITE OF SETTICO Child of Quatsis and Small Pox Conjuror of Settico The English term for Tacite or Ontassite was Mankiller. Also called Lame Arm and Mankiller of Settico. He served the French interest before and during the French and Indian War He acted as a Cherokee diplomat to the French on behalf of Old Hop and Oconostota He was a Cherokee man.

OOLOOSTSA Child of Quatsis. Born about 1700 Some historians recorded that Ouloostsa was the sister of Oconostota. It was suggested that she was a member ofthe Holly Clan, and if this was true, 0conostota and Quatsis would have also been from this clan. She married John Bowles. She Was A Cherokee woman, and an ancestor of the Lowery family.

Child of Quatsis This daughter married John Brown or Drowning Bear. John Brown was recorded as the brother-in-law of Oconostota. She was a Cherokee woman.

THE FAMILY OF LUDOVICK GRANT

GRANT Ludovick Born about 1698, in the Highlands of Scotland After being captured as a Jacobite rebel in 1716, Grant was sent to America aboard the Susannah He arrived at Charleston on 7 May 1716 From 1725-1726, Grant was a licensed trader for South Carolina to the Cherokees, and he located at Great Tellico of the, Overhills. He married Eughioote of the Long Hair Clan of the Cherokees. From 1751-1756 Grant was a trader at Tomatley of the Valley towns of the Cherokees. During this period he held significant power among the trader structure, and was second only to Cornelius Dougherty. The last mention of Grant was in a letter from him to Governor Glen ofSouth Carolina and dated 12 February 1756. This letter was sent from Estatoe of the Lower Settlements of the Cherokees (South Carolina). The date of his death is unknown, Yet it was sometime after 1756.

EUGUIOOTE The wife of Ludovick Grant. Born: 1706 in the Overhills. She was a member of the Long Hair Clan of the Cherokees. Her parents may have been Kayanteehoe and Corn Tassel. Some historians have concluded that she may have also been known as Elizabeth Coody or Elizabeth Tassel, and that she was a sister to Old Tassel She was a Cherokee woman.

GRANT, Mary The only child of Eughioote and Ludovick Grant Born about 1726 in Great Tellico ofthe Overhills. She was a member of the Long Hair Clan. She married William Emory, and she was a Cherokee woman.

EMORY, Mary First child of William Emory and Mary Grant. Born: 1747. She was a member ofthe Long Hair Clan. She first married Richard Fawling, and later married Ezekial Bufflington She was a Cherokee woman.

EMORY, Elizabeth Second child of William Emory and Mary Grant Born. 1749. She was a mernber ofthe Long Hair Clan. She first married Robert Due, and later married John Rogers, a Cherokee trader. She was a Cherokee woman.

EMORY, Susannah Third child of William Emory and Mary Grant Born about 1751. She was a member of the Long Hair Clan She first married Captain John Stuart of Fort Loudon, and later the Royal Superintendent of Indian Affairs They had one son about 1777, Oonodutu or Bushyhead. John Stuart died in 1779 at Pensacola, Florida. She then married Richard "Texas Dick" Fields, who died in 1826. Third, she married John Martin Sr She was a Cherokee woman.

THE FAMILY OF NATHAN HICKS

HICKS, Nathan He married a Cherokee woman before 1767 He was a Cherokee trader, and was of Scottish descent.

HICKS, Charles Renatus First child of Nathan Hicks Born 23 December 1767 on the Hiwassee River in Georgia. Other records suggest he was born on the headwaters of Chickamauga Creek at a place known as Dogwood. He was a member of the Wolf Clan. He married Nancy Elizabeth Broom. He was baptized at the Moravian Mission at Springplace, Georgia on 10 April 1813. He was appointed the official interpreter for the Cherokee Agency in 1801, and was a part of the Cherokee delegation to Washington in 1819. From about 1807-1827, Hicks was a leader in the Vann faction, which was against further cessions or removal. He was located in the Chickamauga District, 12 October 1826. He served as the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation in 1827. Died: 20 danuary 1827 at Springplace Mission in Georgia, and is buried in the Springplace Cemetery. He wag a Cherokee man.

BROOM, Nancy Elizabeth Wife, of Charles Renatus Hicks She was, the daughter of Chief Broom and was from the Wolf Clan. Chief Broom lived at Broomstown (Walker County, Georgia), which is west of the Chattooga River on the Alabama line She was a Cherokee woman.

Lydia Halfbreed Born about 1790. Some records state that Charles Renatus Hicks also married Lydia Halfbreed. She was a member of the Blind Savannah Clan. She was a Cherokee woman.

HICKS, Catherine First child of Charles Renatus Hicks She was a Cherokee woman.

HICKS, George Second child of Charles Renatus Hicks. He lived at Pumpkin Town in 1819. His first wife was Aky Rogers, and his second wife was Lucy Fields. He led a group on the Trail of Tears, leaving 7 September 1838 and arriving 14 March 1839 He, was part of the delegation to Washington in 1839 He was a Cherokee man.

HICKS, Elijah Third child of Charles Renatus Hicks. Born: 21 June 1797. At one time, he was located on the Oostanaula River (Cass Co. Ga.) In 1827, he was located in the Coosawattee District. In 1832, he was the editor of the Cherokee Phoenix. He was married to Margaret Ross, the sister of John Ross. He was part of the delegation to Washington in 1839. He commanded a wagon train of 858 Cherokees on the Trail of Tears, and was the first to arrive in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) on 4 January 1839. He died 6 August 1856, and was buried in the Claremore Cemetery in Claremore Oklahoma. He was a Cherokee man.

HICKS, Elsie Fourth child of Charles Renatus Hicks She married Jeremiah Horn, and was a Cherokee woman.

HICKS, William Second child of Nathan Hicks. Born: after 1767. He married Sarah (?). He lived in the Coosawattee District in 1827. From 1827-28, he served as the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. He was a Cherokee man.

HICKS, Elizabeth Third child of Nathan Hicks. She was a Cherokee woman.

THE FAMILY OF GEORGE LOWERY

LOWERY, George The father of Major George Lowery, and a white man.

NANNTE The wife of George Lowery and mother of Major George Lowery. She was the daughter of Ghigoneli and the grandaughter of Ooloostsa of the Holly (?) Clan. She was a Cherokee woman.

LOWERY, George First child of Nannie and George Lowery. Born: about 1770 in Tuskeegee. His Cherokee name was Ahgeehlim or Agili, which is defined as Rising or Aspiring. During the Creek War of 1813-1814, he was a major in the Cherokee Auxillaries. He lived in Willstown (Fort Payne), Alabama. In 1839, he helped John Benge lead his wagon train on the Trail of Tears. After the removal, he lived four miles south of Park Hill, Oklahoma. He died 20 October 1852, and was buried at Tahlequah City Cemetery in Tahlequah Oklahoma. Reverend Samuel Worchester preached at his funeral. He was a Cherokee man.

LOWERY, Jennie Second child of Nannie and George Lowery. She married Tahlonteeskee, and was a Cherokee woman.

LOWERY, Elizabeth Third child of Nannie and George Lowery. She married Joseph Sevier, and later married John Walker. She was a Cherokee woman.

LOWERY, Sallie Fourth child of Nannie and George Lowery. She married Staydt Rope, and lived at Battle Creek. She was a Cherokee woman.

LOWERY, Nellie Fifth child of Nannie and George Lowery. She married Edmond Fawling, and was a Cherokee woman.

LOWERY, Aky Sixth child of Nannie and George Lowery. She married Authur Burns, and was a Cherokee woman.

THE FAMILY OF OLD TASSEL

OLD TASSEL Born: after 1730 in Toqua of the Overhills. It has been suggested that he may have been born much earlier, yet there is no evidence. Some records have suggested he was the son of Corn Tassel and Kayanteehee, and that Eughioote (Ludovick Grant's wife) was his sister He was probably a member of the Bird Clan, though some have suggested he might have been from the Long Hair or Paint Clan. He was named Corn Tassel (Onitositah, Rayetaeh, or Utsidsata) when young, and was later called Old Tassel. Some have suggested he may have also been called George Tassel. He served as the leading counselor of Oconostota, and later served as Principal Headman. He resided at Chota of the Overhills. He and his son were murdered under a flag of truce in 1788 by the command of Major James Hubbard (Hubbert). He was a Cherokee man.

PUMPKIN BOY Brother of Old Tassel. The Cherokee term for Pumpkin Boy was lyahuwagiatsutsa. He was also called No Pumpkin. He married Chahwahyoocah. He was killed in battle at Ish's Station in 1793. He was a Cherokee man.

CHAHWAHYOOCAH The wife of Pumpkin Boy. After her husbands' death in 1793, she lived near Nickajack.

SPENCER, Caty The daughter of Pumkin Boy and Chahwahyoocah. Born: 1788-1790, and lived with Doublehead after her fathers death in 1793. She married James Spencer, and was a Cherokee woman.

NETTLE CARRIER Brother of Old Tassel. The Cherokee term for Nettle Carrier or Hemp Carrier was Taladanegiski. He was killed in battle at Ish's Station in 1793. He was a Cherokee man.

DOUBLEHEAD Brother of Old Tassel. The Cherokee term for Doublehead was Tultsuska or Taliwuaska-skule. He was sometimes called Autowee and "Kill Baby". Autowee may be the same term as Ahtowhee or "Walking,'" After 1800, he lived near the present site of Center Star, Alabama He was murdered by Alexander Sanders at Hiwassee Ferry in the Summer of 1807. He was a Cherokee man

TUSKIAHOOTO First child of Doublehead, who married George Colbert. She died before 1837.

SALECHIE Second child of Doublehead, who married George Colbert. In 1837, George Colbert and Salechie moved to Indian Territory (Oklahoma). She was a Cherokee woman.

Third child of Doublehead, who married Joseph Hough. She was a Cherokee woman.

DOUBLEHEAD Fourth child of Doublehead, Taliwuaska-skule. He was a Cherokee man.

WURTEH Sister of Old Tassel. She married Nathaniel Gist before 1776, and they had one son, Sequoyah (Born about 1776 in Tuskegee of the Overhills, Died: 1843 in San Fernando, Mexico). Her second husband was John Benge "Old Trader." She was a Cherokee woman.

Sister of Old Tassel, who married John Watts. John Watts was a white officer from Fort Loudon in 1757, and also served as an interpreter for Old Hop, the Principal Headman of the Cherokees. She was a Cherokee woman.

WATTS, John First child of John Watts and Old Tassel's sister Born about 1760, and probably in Toqua ofthe Overhills he was called "Young Tassel," or Kunokeski lie later lived in Will's Valley or Willstown (Fort Payne, Alabama). He died there in 1808. He was a Cherokee man.

UNAKATEEHEE Second child of John Watts and Old Tassel's sister. The English term for Unakateehee was White Mankiller. He was a Cherokee man.

Sister of Old Tassel, who married Tahleitoiskee or Tahlonteeskee. He was a prominent Chickamauga Cherokee warrior in 1792, and the brother of John Jolly. He was located at Blue Water Creek in Arkansas sometime after the Treaty of, Tellico in 1805. He served as the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation West in 1818. She was a Cherokee woman.




Famous Chiefs & Cherokees

Cherokees Mentioned in Records Prior to 1775

ABRAM He was from the Overhills, 1751-1777. Cherokee name, Ooskiah, Ooskuah. Also called Old Abram of Chilohowie

AGANSTATA He was from the Overhills, Chota/Settico, Born: 1711, Died 1783. Name defined as 'Groundhog Sausage" and known as the Beloved Warrior, First Warrior, Great Warrior of Chota, Oconostota, and Skiagunsta Chota. The most powerful of all Cherokee warriors. His mother was Quatsis, and his brothers were Kenoteta, Mankiller of Settico, and Shallelocke Kittegunsta.

ALL BONES He was from the Lower towns, 1751. Cherokee name Kalahu, while others called him, Sawanugi or Shawano. The white people caIled him Sawnook and Flying Squirrel. He was the 2nd headman under Skiagunsta of Keowee. He was from Cheowee. One of the nine leaders of the Lower towns.

AMAKETAI He was from the Valley towns, 1754. Name defined as "Rain Conjuror" and also called Moytoy, the Bully, George, Mankiller of Hiwassee, Ootossetih, and Tossity. The son of Raven of the Valley, and brother of Pigeon, Skiakow, and Skienah. He was from Little Hiwassee of the Valley. He later moved to Great Tellico. He was a member of the Tellico faction. In 1761, he went with Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the English.

AMMOUSHOSSMEE He was from the Overhills, 1741-1757. Name defined as "Bad Water." Also called the Emperor of Great Tellico, the Emperor, and the Young Emperor. He was an English appointed ruler of the Cherokee nation to replace his deceased father, Moytoy who died in 1741. Born about 1730, probably in Great Hiwassee.

ANAKANO He was from the Middle towns, 1751. Also called Aneanoay, Annoconoay, and Great Canoe, He was from Conutroy. He took care of Bernard Hughes' horses.

ANAKANOE He was from the Overhills, 1751, One of the leaders of the Great Tellico faction.

ANDREW He was from the Valley towns.

ARCHER, JOHNNY He was from the Lower towns, 1761. A half breed. A messenger from Fort Prince George to the Overhills. He served the English interest.

ARNUT He was from the Middle towns, 1751. He was from Tuskaseegee.

ATORE EAK He was from the Lower towns, 1756. A headman.

BEAMER, THOMAS He was from the Lower towns, 1756. The half breed son of James Beamer of Estatoe. Later a trader in the Valley towns. An English/Cherokee interpreter. His grand- father was John Beamer, who came to the Overhills in 1699. French Hugetmot ancestry (Beamour). He was called a Mustee.

BENCH or BENGE He was from the Overhills, 1762. The name was actually Benge, and he was from Great Island town.

BIG HAVEN He was from the Overhills, 1757, Cherokee name@ Callonah equa. He was from Settico.

BIG SAWNY He wag from the Middle towns, 1760. Also called Captain Sawny, Great Sawny, and Sawney.

BLACK DOG He was from the Overhills, 1746-1757. Cherokee name, Gili-gunnage.Served on the Council of Ammouskossittee. He was from Chatuga.

BLACK DOG He was from the Valley towns, 1754-1757. Cherokee name, Gili-gunnage. A headman in Nottley of the Valley towns. He died in 1757. A friend of Governor James Glen of South Carolina. An associate of Moytoy of Little Hiwassee.

BLIND WARRIOR He was from the Overhills, 1746-1754. Also called Bread Slave Catcher, Breed Slave Catcher, Blind Slave Catcher, and Skiagunsta, Served on the Council of Ammouskossittee, and was the headman of Chatuga. Breed refers to the Breed Camp in central Alabama.

BLOODY FELLOW Cherokee name, Ninatoogah, or Nenetooyah.

BRANNON He was from the Lower towns, 1751. A half breed. May be Jesse Branham.

BREED SLAVE CATCHER SEE: Blind Warrior

BROWN, JOHN He was from the Lower towns, 1754-1758. Also called Captain Brown. A half breed. He was a packhorseman for the Cherokee traders, and later a Chickasaw trader. He was a partner with Jerome Courtonne. Brother-in-law to the Beloved Warrior of Great Tellico. Possibly the son of John Brown of Virginia. Later lived at Creek Path (Alabama) in 1817.

BROWN, SAMUEL He was from the Lower towns, 1756. A Cherokee half breed. He was a Creek trader and served the French interest.

BRYANT, JOHN SR. He was from the Lower towns, 1754. A pack horseman and trader from Bryant's Mountain, near Tomassee (S.C.). He was of French Huguenot ancestry (de Bruyant). Killed as a Tory in 1781, by hanging. This trader is believed to have been the father of Chenawee of Hiwassee.

BRYANT, JOHN He was from the Overhills, 1775. A half breed. The son of Lucy Bryant (Catawba/Cherokee). This family was from the ancient Bear Clan (Anitsag-uhi) through Lucy Bryant. Lucy's Cherokee name may have been Aunooyohee. John married Frances Nance (French Huguenot). Then moved to Gibson County, Tennessee, yet returned to the Cherokee nation just before the removal. Died in Gibson County in IS56, and many of his descendants lived in Vinita, Oklahoma.

BRYANT, LUCY She was from the Overbills, 1757. A Catawba/Cherokee woman born about 1758, who later lived at Chunannee (Chenawee?) Creek in modern White County Georgia (Ca-1817, Reservation #91). She was the mother of John Bryant.

BULLEN, JAMES He was from the Middle towns, 1755-1756. A half breed. He held a commission from the Governor of North Carolina, and led a mission to the Northern Indians-

BULLHEAD He was from the Overhills. This heroic leader of the Cherokees drove the Creeks below Coosa River before 1730. This military victory was a celebrated event through 1775.

BULLETHEAD He was from the Overhills, 1751-1757. Cherokee name: Uskwalena, or Bullhead. Originally lived in Great Tellico, and later Tenase. A member of the Tellico faction. He served as Old Hop's speaker on behalf of Chota. May also be Big Bullet.

BUTLER, NANCY She was from the Overhills, 1756-1760. Cherokee name, ONinaa. An English informer who lived in Tellico. Worked with Fort Loudon. She was a half breed who was employed by Captain Raymond Demere at Fort Loudon.

CAJUR He was from the Lower towns, 1730-1754. He was from Keowee. Had a brother mentioned in 1730 who served the English interest.

CAIUKA He was from the Overhills, 1755. Name probably defined as Ground Squirrel. A warrior of the English interest from Chota.

CANACAUGHT He was from the Lower towns, 1684. Also called the Great Conjuror. Signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina. He was from Keowee.

CANISTOGUE He was from the Overhills (Chatuga), 1758. CANNAUAUGHTE He was fi-om the Lower towns (Keowee).

CANORCORTURER He was from the Overhills, 1754-1760. SEE: Old Hop and Standing Turkey. Name defined as Standing Turkey (Kanagatoga).

CANTEATOY He was from the Middle towns, 1758-1759. Also called Cawlectoy. He was the 2nd highest warrior of Watoga.

CAPPEE He was from the Overhills, 1757-1761. This black man was the adopted son of Old Hop. He lived at Chota. In 1761, he lived in Tomatley, and went with Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the English.

CAPTAIN SENECREY 1751. A Seneca warrior who led twelve Seneca warriors to reside with the Cherokees in 1751. This group may have been associated with Seneca town of the Cherokee Lower towns.

CATHERINE She was from the Overhills, 1753. The daughter of Kingfisher and Nancy Ward.

CATUCHEE He was from the Lower towns, 1754. Also called the "Tail," or Utana.

CAUNASAITA He was from the Lower towns, 1684. Signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina. He was from Keowee.

CEASAR He was from the Overhills, 1713-1775. Also called Captain Ceasar, Skiagunsta Ceasar, Old Ceasar, and the Triple-nosed Warrion He was a half breed. Served on the Council of Ammouskossittee. fie was the headman of Great Tellico. As a youth, he was held as a British slave by John Stephens. He spoke English well. He was from Chatuga. Had a brother mentioned in 1730.

CHACHETCHA He was from the Middle towns, 1751-1752. Also alled Chucheechee. He was a warrior from Tuskasegee of the Out settlements.

CHACONNUNTO He was from the Lower towns, 1756.

CHARITE HAGEY 1716-1718. Negotiated trade with South Carolina, and associated with Ceasar and Partridge.

CHAUNEE He was from the Lower towns, 1756. Also called Chauunnee. A principal man of the Lower towns.

CHAURAUGOTCHE He was from the Middle towns, 1756. Called a very great warrior,

CHEESQUATALONE He was from the Lower towns, 1751-1754. Name defined as "Yellow Bird." Also called Cheeskiowee and Cuareto. The headman of the Lower towns. SEE: Yellow Bird of Estatoe.

CHEESTOO KAIEHRE 1730. Cherokee name, Old Rabbit, or Eleazer Wiggan. A Cherokee trader who served as interpreter on the trip to England in 1730. He began trading with the Cherokees in 1711. Due to his Cherokee name, he was probably adopted.

CHEKESAW He was from the Lower towns, 1755. He was Long Jack's brother, and was from Cheowee.

CHENALLOTEHE He was from the Lower towns. He was Tiftowe's brother and was from Keowee. The suffix "tehe," or "dihi' signifies killer.

CHENAWEE He was from the Valley towns. Believed to be the husband of Lucy Bryant, and son of the Cherokee trader, John Bryant of Bryant's Mountain near Tomassee. Chenawee was killed in the Battle of Horseshoe, du-ring Andrew Jackson's Creek War. His wife Aunooyohee drew a pension on his service. He may have been the son of John Bryant Sr

CHENESLEY He was from the Overhills, 1775. Supposed to have signed a deed at Sycamore Shoals.

CHEROKEE BILLY he was from the Overhills, 1774, He was a relative of Ostenaco who was killed in 1774.

CHETHEAKA He was from the Middle towns, 1753. A warrior from Stecoe River.

CHEULAR He was from the Overhills, 1761-1762. Cheulah or Tsula was defined as 'fox." When visited by Lieutenant Henry Timberlake in 1761, he directed the Eagle Tail Dance. He was the headman of Settico, and may be the Small Pox Conjuror.

CHEWEREECRA He was from the Middle towns. SEE: Mankiller of Nequassee.

CHICKASAW He was from the Overhills. A young Cherokee who served as Oconostota's messenger.

CHICKSAY He was from the Middle towns, 1751. He was known to protest the traders, and was from Stecoe.

CHICSATERE He was from the Overhills, 1700. Also called Bushyhead (Donodutu). He was the son of Caulanna (Raven) and the cousin of Oconostota. He was the brother of Savanooka. He married Nancy Foreman.

CHINORE 1759. Held as a hostage of the English at Fort Prince George and murdered in February 1760.

CHIOTLOHEE He was from the Middle towns, 1751. He killed the trader, Daniel Murphy.

CHISANAH 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

CHISTV 1759. 'Chistu" or 'Tsitu" was defined as rabbit. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760-

CHOOSAHETE He was from the Overhills, 1757. Associated with Cappee, and listed as young in 1757. He was from Settico.

CHUCATAH He was from the Overhills, 1761. He was visted by Lieutenant Henry Timberlake in 1761, and was from Settico. A brother was mentioned in 1765.

CHUCHECHE He was from the Middle towns, 1754-1755. The headman of Tuskasegee.

CHUGNONANTA He was from the Overhills, 1754- Also called Chugnonanta Tommy of Tenase. SEE. Little Carpenter.

CHURNROKEKE He was from the Lower towns, 1751.He was from Eustanally. One of nine leaders of the Lower towns.

CLENEWA He was from the Valley towns, 1754. The headman of Noyowe.

CLOCHUITA He was from the Lower towns, 1751. The headman of Estatoe.

CLOGITTAH He was from the Overhills,1730. Went on the trip to England in 1730. He was from Tenase.

CLOGOITASH He was from the Lower towns, 1751. Second rank headman in Estatoe.

CLUNLUSY He was from the Valley towns, 1761.Name defined as "Leech.' He was the son of the Long Dog of Nottley, and was killed in 1761.

COCKEYE WARRIOR He was from the Valley towns, 1757.

COLD WEATHER He was from the Overhills, 1760. He was from Chilohowie.

COLLANAH He was from the Overhills, 1684-1730. Name defined as "Raven." Also spelled Corani and Corane, and Kalanu. Signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina. Went on trip to England in 1730. He was Oconostota's uncle and Quatsis's brother. He was probably from Settico.

COLD IRON He was from the Overhills, 1756-1757. He was an English informer and a messenger from Chota to Lower towns.

COLINNA He was from the Overhills, 1750. Name defined as "Raven," in the Upper dialect. Served on Johnny of Tenase's council. One of the leaders of the Great Tellico faction.

COLLALONA He was from the Lower towns, 1757, The head warrior of Qualache.

CONASORATAH 1759. Held as a hostage at Fort Prince George by the English and murdered in February 1761.

CONENTACKSHIOWAY He was from the Lower towns, 1751.A headman in Estatoe.

CONJUROR He was from the Valley towns, 1730. The Conjuror of Tassetchee who met Sir Alexander Cumming at loree (Jore) in 1730.

CONNECORTE He was from the Overhills, 1753-1760. SEE: Old Hop.

CONOTACTCHE He was from the Lower towns, 1751. The headman of Tugaloo.

COOSAEKAH He was from the Lower towns, 1759. The prefix "Coosab" refers to Upper Creeks. The subject was either a Coosa or was a Cherokee who earned honors in battle against the Coosas. "Ekah" may be 'equa," defined as "big." He was the Second Man of Conasatchee (Sugar town), and was known to war against the French.

CORANESEE Collanah. Corane is the Lower dialect, and Collanah, the Upper dialect for "Haven."

CORLIONEGA He was from the Middle towns, 1755. fie was from Tuskasegee.

COWEETATEECHEE He was from the Overhills. Name signifies Lower Creek (Coweta) origin. SEE: Oakehoge.

COWWONANNS He was from the Lower towns, 1756.

CUARTETO CHESKIOWEE He was from the Lower towns, 1751. One of the nine leaders of the Lower towns. SEE: Cheesquatalone (Upper dialect).

DICHITI He was from the Lower towns, 1753. A messenger to the Creeks from the Lower towns.

DREADFUL WARRIOR He was from the Middle towns, 1758. The principal man of loree (Jore).

FATT WARRIOR He was from the Overhills, 1757. He was from Chatuga.

FLINT 1713. He lived on Cussata River.

FRENCH JOHN He was from the Overhills, 1753-1757. A slave or adopted son of Old Hop, who served as the chiefagent of the French from Fort Toulouse (Alabama) to Chota.

GOOD WARRIOR He was from the Lower towns SEE Warrior Of Estatoe

GOOD WARRIOR He was from the Lower towns SEE Warrior of Tugaloo.

GORRALEKE He was from the Lower towns, 1684 He signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina, and was from Toxaway.

GOTTOMA He was from the Lower towns 1684, He signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina, and was from Keowee.

GREAT CONJUROR He was from the Lower towns, 1753 Also called Sower tSour Hominy), He was 2nd rank over the Lowe- towns, and was from Keowee SEE Cannauaughto

GREAT ELK 1756. A Nuttewa (Nottowago or Nottoway) Indian who led many ofhis tribe to the Cherokees in 1756 Then resided with the Cherokees for over a year. Organized groups of Cherokees to go to the French in Canada.

GREAT GISTOTE He was from the Lower towns, 1758 A head warrior of the English interest from Keowee.

GREAT WARRIOR he was from the Overhills, 1711-1783, SEE Aganstata.

HALFBREED TOM He was from the Lower towns, 1760 he was an associate of the Mankiller of Nequassee, and was from Keowee.

HALFBREED WILL He was from the Middle towns, 1759-1761 The headman of Nequassee. He was said to be a henchman for the Mankiller of Nequassee in 1760. In 1761, he was a part of the Little Carpenter's peace mission to the English at Charleston

HEAD BELOVED MAN He was from the Lower towns SEE Owasta of Toxaway.

HEADMAN He was from the Middle towns, 1754 Also called King of Nequassee

HEADMAN'S SON He was from the Middle towns, 1756 Possibly known as "Thigh," and was also called the, Headman of Nequassee's son. He served the English interests. taken prisoner by the Savannah tribe.

HEADMAN He was from the Valley towns, 1758 Called the Headman of Nottley

HEADMAN OF WRYOCHE He was from the Lower towns, 1754, He was from Keowee. Wryoche is also spelled Wohatche

HEADMAN OF WRYOCHE he was from the Middle towns, 1750- 1765. He was from Stecoe.

HEAD WARRIOR He was from the Lower towns, 1758 He was from Estatoe.

HOOTLEYBOYAW He was from the Lower towns 1717. The Warrior of Tugaloo,

HOWRUFTO He was from the Lower towns, 1751-1756 A headman in Keowee One of nine leaders from the Lower towns

HUGHES MARY She was from the Overhills, 1760-1761 One of thirty white prisoners held at Settico. Her husband, Bernard Hughes, was killed by the Cherokees. She was released, yet chose to stay and married her deceased husband's murderer.

IKEYOGUSTS He was from the Lower towns, 1'56 Also called Tellickconaeo He was the principal man in the Lower towns

ITOWA QUO He was from the Overhills, 1756 Listed as one of the six greatest headmen in the Overhills.

ITOWA RUFTO He was from the Lower towns, 1756

JACCUTEE He was from the Middle towns, 1751. A headman in Cowee.

JACOB THE CONJUROR He was from the Valley towns, 1730. Took part in arrangements for the trip to England in 1730, yet he did not go. Known as a Taseetchee leader before 1730, and was a close associate of Moytoy.

JAMEY He was from the Middle towns, I7, 51 Also called Jemmv The headman of Sarlacha or Oussazlay May have been Conjuror Jamie of Estatoe, in 1758

JOHNNY He was from the Overhills, 1741-1751. Also called Johnny of Tenase, Great Warrior of Tenase, Mankiller of Tenase (Tacite). A half breed. Served on Council of Ammouskossittee he was the son of Kittegunsta of Chota. Said to have died from a fever in 1749, yet records mention him after that Year. He was one of the leaders of the Great Tellico faction. A probable brother of Ostenaco and two others. Born before 1715.

JOHNS (Jones), LEWIS He was from the Lower towns, 1755. A half breed and interpreter between the Cherokees and Catawbas. May have lived in Catawba nation. Noted as a Pee Dee Indian.

KATACTOI 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 17160

KAHTAYAH She was from the Overhills. The daughter of Calaunna, and sister of Savanooka. Married Alexander Drumgould, and later, John Foreman.

KEALHARUFTEKE He was from the Lower towns, 1760. Also called Cheesquatalone (Upper dialect), Chesquoterone (Lower dialect), and Kealheyourough. He was murdered on 2 February 1760 as a hostage at Fort Prince George.

KEELEENAKASTA He was from the Overhills, 1751. One of the leaders of the Great Tellico faction.

KELLELUSSTEKEY He was from the Overhills, 1754. Also called Kerorostekee. One of two headmen from Telassee

KENOTCHTA He was from the Lower towns, 1756. An English medal chief, who went to Charleston, South Carolina with the Cherokee principal chief

KENOTETA He was from the Overhills, 17141-17571. Also called Rising Fawn Served on the Council of Ammouskossittee, and was of the English interest. He was Oconostota's brother and the son of the Small Pox Conjuror of Settico. He was from Settico

KEIZOROSTEKEE He was from the Lower towns, 17 56, Settled in Virginia back settlements in 1756

KILCANNOKEH He was from the OverhillB, 17,59 Signed treaty with with South Carolina in 1759. One of six Overhill leaders

KILLAQUE He was from the Overhills, 1757 Served the English interest, and was the Little Carpenter's brother. He was from Tuskasegee.

KILLIANCA He was from the, Overhills, 1759. When the Little Carpenter requested the release of several key Cherokee officials, who were held hostage at Fort Prince George, Killianca was released with Oconostota.

KINGFISHER He was from the Overhills, 1755. Cherokee name, Chutloh. Married Nancy Ward and had two children, Long Fellow and Catherine Died in battle against the Creeks in 1755, at Taliwa (Georgia). Here Nancy Ward took his weapon and defended his position, later being named War Woman of 'the tribe. Kingfisher was a member of the Deer clan, while Nancy Ward was said to be a member of the Wolf Clan.

KITTEGUNSTA He was from the Overhills, 1730-1768. Also called King of Chota, Prince (Kittegunsta) of Chota, and Shallelocke Kittegungta.2 Went on trip to England in 1730 and was the main speaker (Shaliloski, Shallelocke). He was the brother of Oconostota, and died about March 6,1768. He was from Chota.

KITTEGUNSTA He was from the Middle towns, 1751-1756. He took care, of,James Mays and Mr. McDaniel's horses, He was from loree (Jore) In 1756, he led a war party against the settlers of the Broad and Catawba Rivers in South Carolina.

KITTEGUNSTA He was from the Lower towns, 1730. The Prince of Tomassee, who was visited by Sir Alexander Cumming in 1730.

KNALANOY He was from the Middle towns (Conutroy), 1751.

LITTLE CARPENTER He was from the Overhills. Born: 1710, Died 1781. Also called Attakullakulla (Leaning Wood) Chugnonanto Tommy, Chukenanta Warrior, Little Cornplanter, Ookanaka (White Owl) of Natchey Creek, and Truconita. He was the Peace Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Served the English interest and was a medal chief. Went to England in 1730. He may have been a Nipissing Indian, according to statements made b his son, Turtle at home. He was the nephew of Movtoy and Old Hop, and the uncle of Nancy Ward. Dragging Canoe, Badger, and White Owl were his sons. Born about 1710 in either Canada or the Big Island of the French Broad River in Tennese. During his life, he lived in Natchey Creek, Tenase, Tornatley, and Toqua of the, Overhills. He was a member of the Wolf Clan

LITTLE CONJUROR He was from the Lower towns, 1751. Second headman over Keowee. One of nine leaders of the Lower towns.

LITTLE FELLOW fie was from the Overhills The son of Nancy Ward and Kingfisher. Also called Five killer. Born about 1753. He lived on Wilson Hill at Ocoee (Uwagahi).

LITTLE OWL He was from the Overhills. Cherokee name, Nahoolah. One, of Little Carpenter's sons

LITTLE RAVEN He was from the Overhills. SEEi Savanooka.

LITTLE TETHTOY fie was from the Lower towns, 1754, Name may be called nftowe. The headman of Keowee.

LITTLE WARRIOR He was from the Middle towns, 1751 He was from Estanaury (Estonoley).

LONG BEN He, was from the Lower towns lie was a Creek half breed who associated with the Lower and Valley towns.

LONG DOG He was from the Valley towns, 1761 Cherokee name, ganubidugili. lie was from Nottley.

LONG FELLOW lie was from the Valley towns, 1737. The son of Tame Doe and Sir Francis Ward, and brother of Nancy Ward Born about 1737 Born at Chota, and later lived on Ocoee River.

LONGJACK He was from the Lower towns, 1752-1756. Cherokee name, ganuhidutsani. Also called Johnny or Long Johnny. Associated with the Little Carpenter. lie was from C heowee, though records also place him in Settico of the Overhills. In 1751, he was listed as being from Tenase,

LONG TOM He was from the Middle towns, 1761 Listed as a young Cherokee

LOTTA He was from the Lower towns, 1751 SEE Mankiller of Cheowee.

MANKILLER He. was from the Lower towns, 1751 Called Mankiller of Cheowee or Lotta.see.

MANKILLER He was from the Middle towns, 1751. Called Mankiller of Conutroy.

MANKILLER He was from the Middle towns, 1751. Called Mankiller of Cowee.

MANKILLER He was from the Lower towns, 1756-1761. Called Mankiller of Estatoe, and was the nephew of the Swallow Warrior. In 1761, he raided the Greeks, taking horses and prisoners.

MANKILLER He was from the Overhills, 1751-1757. Mankiller of Hiwassee. SEE: Amahetai.

MANKILLER He was from the Middle towns, 1758-1760. Also called Chewehe-echa. He was from loree (Jore), and records also place him in Nequassee.

MANKILLER He was from the Lower towns, 1761-1762. Called Mankiller of Keowee. Went with the Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the English in 1761.

MANKILLER He was from the Middle towns. Called Mankiller of Nequasee, and also called Classati.

MANKILLER He was from the Valley towns, 1751. Called Mankiller of Nottley, and was the headman of Nottley.

MANKILLER He was from the Valley towns, 1751. Called Mankiller of Noyowe, and was the headman of Noyowe.

MANKILLER He was from the Valley towns, 1730. Called Mankiller of Oconnie, who was visited by Alexander Cumming.

MANKILLER He was from the Overhills, 1751-1754. Called Lame Arm, First Man of Tellico, Mankiller of Settico, and Mankiller of Tellico. Served the French interest, and associated with French John and the Mortar. He was Oconostota's brother and the son of the Small Pox Conjuror of Settico.

MANKILLER He was from the Overhills, 1754. Called Mankiller of Slocke.

MANKILLER He was from the Middle towns, 1751-1759. Cailed Mankiller of Stecoe. He was the headman of Nequassee and Stecoe

MANIKILLER He was from the Overhills, 1754. Called Mankiller of Telassee, and was the headman of Telassee.

MANKILLER He was from the Overhills. Called Mankiller of Tellico. SEE Ostenaco.

MANKILLER He was from the Overhills, 1751. Called Mankiller of Tenase.

MANKILLER He was from the Overhills. Called Mankiller of Tomatley.

MANKILLER He was from the Overhills, 1753. Called Mankiller of Toqua.

MANKILLER He was from the Middle towns, 1759, Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760

MAY APPLE He was from the Lower towns, 1760. Associated wit the Mankiller of Nequassee, and was from Keowee

MOETOE He was from the Overhills, 1751. SEE Amahetai.

MORTAIR He was from the Oakecoys, 1754-1759. This Upper Creek warrior, named Yah Yah Tustanage, was Governor Louis de Kerelec's agent to Chota. He maintained a faction of Upper Creeks who associated with the Mankiller of Settico, Oconostota, Old Hop, and the Small Pox Conjuror of Settico. He was highly respected by the Chota people.

MOYTOY He was from the Lower towns, 1760. Called Moytoy of Keowee An associate of the Tail of Estatoe. He was from Keowee

MOYTOY He was from the Overhills, 1730-1741. The first English appointed ruler of the Cherokees. Originally from Little Hiwassee or Taseetchee of the Valley towns. He and Jacob the Conjuror were known as the leaders of Taseetchee. He was the brother of Old Hop and Little Carpenter's mother. He was known as the Rain Conjuror, and died in battle in 1741. He was originally the Head warrior of Tellico. He was appointed Emperor at Nequassee in 1730 by Jacob the Conjuror, and by election of the head chiefs. The title was called the Crown of Tenase.

MOYTOY He was from the Overbills, 1759. Called Moytoy of Settico or Moitoi He led nineteen warriors against the white settlements, and was pro-French.

NELLAWGITEHI He was from the, Lower towns, 1684. Signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina. He was from Toxaway Name probably refers to Nottawago killer.

NETTAWAGETCHE He was from the Lower towns, 1753. Second headman of Toxaway. Name probably refers to Nottawago killer.

NICHOLEHE 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

NORRODELY He was from the Middle towns, 1752. He was from Stecoe,

NOTCHEE WARRIOR He was from the Overhills, 1751. Also called Tacite (Mankiller) of Natchey. He was the third rank headman of Great Iliwassee, and was originally from that place@ He later settled near Natchey Creek, Probably a Natchez Indian.

OAKEHALPE He was from the Overhills, 1752. The English Captain of Great Tellico. Name probably of Creek origin.

OAKEHOGE He was from the Overhills, 1752 Also called Coweetaateechee. Known as the King of Great Tellico. Coweeta refers to Lower Creek. Oak refers to water.

OCCOUNACO He was from the Overhills, 1730. The White Owl SEE Little Carpenter.

OCONACO He was from the Lower towns, 1751. The headman of Sugartown. One of nine leaders from the Lower towns.

OCONECA He was from the Overhills, 1759. Signed a treaty with South Carolina in 1759. One of six Overhill leaders.

OCONOSTOTA He was from the Overhills, Born: 1711, Died: 1783. Name was an English phonetical spelling of the Cherokee term "Aganstata." Also called Beloved Warrior of Chota, First Warrior, Great Warrior of Chota, Skiagunsta Chota, and Skiagunsta Settico. SEE: Aganstata.

OLD BARK He was from the Overhill, 1756 Went to Virginia in 1756.

OLD CHUCKLE He was from the Lower towns, 1730-1756. A headman in the Lower towns. Served the French interest in 1751. May be Old Checkle of Tenase in 1730, who was a Creek Indian.

OLD HOP He was from the Overhills, 1746-1760. Also called Canacaughte, Canorcortuker, Connecorte, Emperor of Chota, Standing Turkey, and Uku of Chota. He removed the English appointed rulership over the Cherokee nation, and brought all four settlement areas under Chota in 1753-1754. He was Moytoy's brother, and the uncle of Little Carpenter. He died in 1760, and gave his authority to Kittegunsta and Oconostota. His title was known as the 'Fire King.'

OLD PRINCE He was from the Overhills, 1757. He was from Toqua, and sons (without names) are mentioned in records

OLD WARRIOR He was from the Overhills, 1756-1757. He was from Tomatley. fie was an English informer to Captain Raymond Demere at Fort Loudon of the Overhills.

OLD WARRIOR He was from the Middle towns, 1751. He was from Tuckasegee.

OLD WAR WOMAN She was from the Overhills, 1751. The leader of the Women's War Council, which was later occupied by Nancy Ward, Ward could not have been this women, for she was only 13 years old in 1751.

ONATOWE He was from the Valley towns, 1751-1761 Also called Onotony. 2nd headman over Little Tellico. Served the, English interest, and was the brother of Round O (Shonguttam), Went on Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the English in 1761.

ONE EYED WARRIOR He was from the Valley towns, 1761. A headman in Little Tellico,

ONISCA He was from the Lower towns, 1751. He was from Keowee.

ONNAKANNOY 1730. Also called Ounakannowie. Was not allowed to go to England in 1730.

ORNSEO He was from the Lower towns, 1754.

OSQUOZUFTOIE fie was from the Middle towns, 1751. The headman of Tucksoie.

OSTENACO He was from the Overhills, 1746-177. Also called Antossity Ustoneeka, Judd's Friend, Judge's Friend, Mankiller of Tellico, and Rusteenekobagan. He was Oconostota's Chief of Staff, or 2nd Head warrior. Served the French interest until his trip to England in 1762 with Lt Henry Timberlake. Close friend of Oconostota and Old Hop. Originally from Hiwassee, though his mother was from Settico. He was listed in Chota, Great Tellico, Hiwassee, Judd's Creek, and Settico. He became a Mankiller in 1746. He was born about 1715, and was the youngest of four brothers. One of Wilma Mankiller's ancestors.

OUCAH 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

OUKAH ULAH He was from the Over"Is, 1759. Name defined as "ruler to be." One of two sons of Old Hop, and Possibly Standing Turkey.

OUKANDEKAH He was from the Overhills, 1730. Probably Little Carpenter.

OUKAYUDA 1730. The Oukah Ulah or King to be (ruler to be). Went on trip to England in 1730.

OUSANATAH 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.


OUSANOLETAH 1759. Held hostage at Port Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

OUSLENARIA He was from the Overbills, and associated with Little Carpenter.

OUSONALETAK He was from the Middle towns, 1757-1760. Also called Ousunuletta of Ioree. He was the headman of the Valley town, Tomatley for a period. He died as a hostage at Fort Prince George in February 1760.

OUTOSSITY He was from the Overhills. SEE: Mankiller of Tomatley.

OWASTA He was from the Lower towns, 1684. Signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina. He was from Toxaway.

OWASTA He was from the Lower towns, 1753. The Beloved Man of Toxaway. May be the signer in 1684.

OXINAA She was from the Overhills, SEE: Nancy Butler.

OZUSTA He wag from the Lower towns, 1751. The Catawba King and headman of Keowee.

PARTRIDGE He was from the Lower towns, 1714-1717. Associated with Ceasar and Charite Hagey in trade relations with South Carolina.

PIGEON He was from the Valley towns, 1757. Cherokee name, Amoyah. A son of the Raven of Himassee. He was called Woey by the whites. He was held hostage at Fort Prince George in 1759, but released with Oconostota. In 1761, he worked with Saloue (Seroweh) and Ostenaco in Oconostota's War against the English.

PIPE 1761. A young Cherokee warrior who was a messenger from Virginia.

PRINCE OF CHOTA He was from the Overhills, 1746-1768. SEE: Kittegunsta.

PRINCE OF IOREE He was from the Middle towns, 1754-1758. SE& Kittegunsta of loree.

QUARRASATTAHE 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

QUATSIS She was from the Overhills, 1699. The mother of Oconostota and Mankiller of Settico, and sister of the Raven of Settico. Supposed to have married John Beamer in 1699. Born in 1683.

RAT He was from the Lower towns, 1760. Associated with the Mankiller of Nequassee, and was from Keowee.

RAVEN OF CHATUGA He was from the Overhills, 1757. Served the English interest. He was from Chatuga, and had a son mentioned.

RAVEN OF CHOTA He was from the Overhills. SEE: Savanooka.

RAVEN OF COWEE He was from the Middle towns, 1751. Associated with James May, and the headman of Cowee. Took care of James May's horses.

RAVEN He was from the Valley towns, 1751-1757. Also called Colinna, Corane, King of the Valley, and Raven of Hiwassee. He was very influential with the leaders of the Overhills, and related to Little Carpente, Moytoy, and Old Hop. Several sons mentioned, such as Moytoy, Pigeon, Skiakow, and Skienah. Some records list him as deceased by 1757.

RAVEN He was from the Middle towns, 1768, Called the Raven of Nequassee. He went with Oconostota and Little Carpenter to New York to negotiate the Treaty of Fort Stanwix.

RAVEN OF TENASE He was from the Overhills, 1752.

RAVEN OF TOMATLEY He was from the Overhills, 1761.

RAVEN OF TOQUA He was from the Overhills, 1762. Died in battle in 1762.

RAVEN OF TOXAWAY He was from the Lower towns, 1751- 1757. The head warrior over Toxaway. Had grandchildren mentioned in 1753. Worked with Governor Glen of South Carolina on the Cherokee boundaries associated with the Carolina Purchase of 1753.

HAVEN He was from the Valley towns, 1761. Also called the Young Raven of Hiwassee. He was the son of the Raven of Hiwassee.

RAYETAEH He was from the Overhills, 1760-1788. Also called Corn Tassel (Onitositah) and Old Tassel. Served as counselor to Oconostota. He was murdered in cold blood by John Sevier's men in 1788. He was from Toqua, and served in Chota. He was John Watt's uncle, and brother to Doublehead, Nettle Carrier, and Pumpkin Boy.

ROUND O He was from the Middle towns, 1754-1759. Also called Shonguttam. He was the headman of the Out towns, and was from Stotoree or Tuskasegee. Deceased by 1761. A noted friend to the English.

SACHETCHE He was from the Middle towns. He was the headman over several Upper towns. He was from Tucologia.

SALOUE He was from the Overhills, 1760. In the Lower Cherokee dialect, Seroweh. Served as an officer in Oconostota's command in the Cherokee War of 1760. Listed as young in 1760, and originally from Estatoe where he was a chief Served the French interest.

SANNAOESTE 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

SAVANNAH KING He lived among the Savannahs, 1746. A diplomat from the Savannahs to the Overhill Cherokees.

SAVANOOKA He was from the Overhills, 1760-1776. Also called Sawanookee or Shawnee, and Raven of Chota. lie was the nephew of Oconostota. Some say he was once captured by the Shawnees, hence the name Savanooka or Shawnee. Others claim he was Shawnee by birth, and captured by the Cherokees. He served as an advisor to Oconostota. He was from Chota, though originally was probably from Settico, as were most of Oconostota's relatives. His brother was Chiesatebe, and sister, Kahtayah. May be the child of Oconostota's sister, or the son of Oconostota's uncle, Caulunna of Settico.

SAVANTOOHEE He was from the Valley towns, 1751. The headman over Little Tellico.

SCALELOSKE He was from the Lower towns, 1760. Name defined as "speaker." He was the 2nd warrior over Tomassee. He was killed as a hostage at Fort Prince George on 14 February 1760. He was from Tomassee.

SECOND WARRIOR He was from the Lower towns, 1758, Second warrior over Estatoe.

SECOND WARRIOR He was from the Middle towns, 1730. He met Sir Alexander Cumming in 1730, and was from loree (Jore).

SECOND YELLOW BIRD He was from the Lower towns, 1757. He led the Lower town warriors against Fort Duquesne in 1757.

SEED He was from the Overhills, 1760. Be, worked with the French agent, John Lantaniack, and led missions to Fort Toulouse for supplies. He was from Settico

SENNOTRONNEY He was from the Middle towns, 1758. A headman in loree or Watoga.

SEQUROGHUENOY He was from the Overhills, 1754 The, headman of Tellico.

SHALLELOCKE He was from the Middle towns, 1761 Name defined as "speaker" of Stecoe. Went with Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the English. He was Ostenaco's brother

SHONGUTTAM He was from the Middle towns, 1753. SEE: Round O.

SHOREY, ANN She was from the Overhills, 1762. The half breed daughter of William Shorey, who married John McDonald. She was John Ross's grandmother. After 1770, the McDonald family moved to Lookout Mountain where they established a trading post.

SHOTMOUTH He was from the Valley towns, 1761. A headman in Tomatley.

SINNAWA He was from the Overhills, 1684. Name defined as "spiritual leader of the hawks.' Signed the Treaty of 1684 with South Carolina, and was from Big Island Town.

SINNAWA He was from the Middle towns, 1751-1753. Also called Chuchia, Hawkhead, and Sinawaska Johnny. A headman in Tuakasegee. He took care of James Mays horses. A warrior.

SKAYAGUSTA OUKAH He was from the Lower towns, 1730. Also called Chief of Tasseta, Oukah Ulah, and Skiagunsta. Made trip to England in 1730.

SKIAGUNSTA CHEOWEE He was from the Lower towns, 1751. One of nine leaders of the Lower towns.

SIKLAGUNSTA COWEE He was from the Middle towns, 1759. Name defined as 'Great Warrion' A headman and warrior in Cowee.

SKIAGUNSTA KEOWEE He was from the Lower towns, 1751- 1756.Also called Chachu, Great Warrior of Lower towns, and Old Warrior. Probably the same as Skayagusta Oukah.

SKIAGUNSTA STECOE He was from the Middle towns, 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760

SKIAGUNSTA TELLICO He was from the Overhills, 1751. One of the leaders of the Great Tellico faction.

SKIAKOW He was from the Valley towns, 1751. The son of the Raven of Hiwassee, and was from Juforchee.

SKIAWECHI He was from the Lower towns, 1753. Known to speak English well.

SKIENAH He was from the Valley towns, 1751. The son of the Raven of Hiwassee, and was from Little Hiwassee.

SKURRELEFTEKEE He was from the Middle towns, 1758, A headman of loree (Jore) or Watoga.

SLAVE CATCHER He was from the Overhills, 1759.Called the Slave Catcher of Chota A close friend of the Great Mortar.

SLAVE CATCHER He was from the Lower towns, 1760. Called the Slave Catcher of Conasatchee (Sugar Town). Little Carpenter turned him over to the English as a murderer.

SLAVE CATCHER He was from the Middle towns, 1751. Cherokee name, Dayugidaski (Slave Catcher). Cafled Slave Catcher of Conutroy. Associated with the murders at the Oconees in 1751, and was anti-English.

SLAVE CATCHER He was from the Overhills, 1751. Cherokee name, Dayugidaski. Called Slave Catcher of Great Tellico and Onecowe.

SLAVE CATCHER He was from the Middle towns, 1751 Called the Slave Catcher of Kituwah. He demanded the death of the trader, Bernard Hughes.

SLAVE CATCHER He was from the Overhills, 1754-1775. Cherokee name, Dayugidaski. Called Slave Catcher of Tenase. A headman in Tenase. Known as an old man in 1761, and hved on Tellico River, He was supposed to have signed a deed at Sycamore Shoals in 1775.

SLAVE CATCHER He was from the Overhills, 1754-1761. Cherokee name, Dayugidaski. Called Slave catcher of Tomatley Noted as a young man. He was sent as a diplomat to the English by Oconostota in 1761.

SMALL POX CONJUROR He was from the Overhills, 1751-1757. A friend of Old Hop, and father of Kenoteta and Mankiller of Settico, May be father of Kittegunsta and Oconostota. Served as headman of Settico and served on the Chota council.

SMITH'S FRIEND He was from the Lower towns, 1756. Served the English interest He was from Keowee.

SOUR HOMINY Cherokee name, Kanahena.

STANDING TURKEY He was from the Overhills. SEE: Old Hop.

STANDING TURKEY He was from the Overhills, 1754-1761. Cherokee name, Canorcortuker, Conocktoco, Cunnicatoka, Kanagatucko. He was the son of Old Hop, and appointed to take his father's position. Associated with Oconostota. He was from Chota. After Old Hop's death in 1760, he was appointed to take his rulership, by Oconostota. He was known as Ocayula or Oukah Ulah (ruler to be).

STICKOEE He was from the Middle towns, 1751 An English informer.

SUCKCORUFTEKE He was from the Lower towns, 1751. The headman over Tomassee. One of nine leaders of the Lower towns.

SUNARETEHEE He was from the Middle towns, 1760 Also called Sanaratehee. Was killed in the attack on Fort Prince George on 16 February 1760.

SUTICHETTCHEE He wag from the Middle towns, 1730 Also called Suttellitchee Went on trip to England in 1730. fie was a representative ofthe Old Warrior of-luskasegee, and from that town.

SUWEGAS He was from the Middle towns, 1751. Ile was from Eahhoay.

SWALLOW WARRIOR He was from the Lower towns, 1756-1757, He was the head warrior of Estatoe, and led 100 men to attack Fort Duquesne. Served the English interest.

SWANUGI Fie was from the Lower towns, 1751 Also called All Bones, Kalahu, and Skiagunsta of Cheowee.

TACITE OUSTENAIRA He was from the Lower towns, 1751 Tacite is defined as Mankiller (Tacite, Tossety, Tossity, and Otossity).

TAIL He was from the Lower towns, 1761. Cherokee name, litana. A half breed. Served in Oconostota's War of 1760. He was from Estatoe. Tail Benge later was called by this name, He spoke fluent Creek and was associated with Moytoy of Keowee, Known to attack the white settlers.

TALLICHAMA 1759. "Talli" is defined as 'two," Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

TALLITAHE 1759. Name defined as "twokiller" Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

TAME DOE She was from the Overhills, 1738-1775. She was Little Carpenter's sister, and Nancy Ward and Long Fellow's mother. She married Sir Francis Ward.

TEETATELOSKI He was from the Overhills, 1761. Went with Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the English. He was from Settico.

TELLITLEHE He was from the Overhills, 1756. One of six great men of the Overhills.

TELLOQUOLUFTOKAY He was from the Overhills, 1730. A Tellico headman.

TENASE WARRIOR He was from the Overhills, 1730. He helped Moytoy and Alexander Cumming establish rulership over the Cherokees in 1730. May be Johnny of Tenase or Warrior of Tenase.

TERRAPIN He was from the Overhills, 1765. Also called Tuskasah of Chiles Tooch. He was Oconostota's son by his first wife, a Creek woman. Born in Chota about 1740.

TETHTOWE He was from the Lower towns, 1730. SEE: Tiftowe.

TETTATELASKI He was from the Overhills, 1761. Went with Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the British,

THICK LEGG WARRIOR He was from the Overhills, 1758- 1759.Served the English interest, and was from Chatuga.

THIGH He was from the Overhills, 1756-1759, Served as an interpreter between the Savannahs and Cherokees. Formerly a prisoner of the Savannahs, and was from Great Tellico. Associated with French John and Savannah Tom.

TIFTOA He was from the Overhills. SEE: Willenawah.

TIFTOWE He was from the Lower towns, 1730-1761. Also called Teptoa and Old Tiftowe, Went on trip to England in 1730. He was a headman in Estatoe. Also listed from Keowee. Served the French interest and Oconostota in 1760.

TISTOEE He was from the Overhills, 1761. He was an old man from Tomatley.

TOHANORAWIGHTON He was from the Overhills, 1762. Went to England in 1762 with Ostenaco and Lieutenant Henry Timberlake.

TOLLITCHE 1751. SEE: Suttellitichee.

TONY OF CHOTA He was from the Overhills, 1760. Died of smallpox as a hostage at Fort Prince George in February 1760.

TOSSETTEE He was from the Overhills. SEE: Mankiller of Telassee.

TOSSETY He was from the Overhills. SEE: Mankiller of Settico.

TOTAIAHHOI 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince (' eorge by the British and murdered in 1780.

TOTTERSHALL He was from, the Lower towns, 1755. Served the English interest, and was a messenger from Keowee to Chota.

TSIYUGUNSINI He was from the Overhills, 1775. Name defined as "Dragging Canoe." He was Little Carpenter's son, and from Great Island.

TULLITHUSSQUE He was from the Lower towns, 1756. A headman in the Lower towns-

TUSCOLOSO He was from the Overhills, 1759 Worked with Greeks against the English traders. He was from Settico.

UCANOREACH He was from the Overhills, 1753. A deputy of Old Hop who associated with Little Carpenter for Chota's benefit.

UCONACO He was from the Lower towns, 1756. A headman in the Lower towns.

UKANTA He was from the Overhills, 1751. A headman in Chota. The name probably signifies Ogana or Groundhog. Possibly Oconostota.

UKEYOUROUGH A headman in the Lower towns, 1756.

UKWANEEQUA He was from the Overhills, 1730, Supposed to have, went on the trip to England in 1730.

ULOFTA He was from the Overhills, 1751. A headman of an Overbill town. One of the leaders of the Great Tellico faction.

UNANIKALLAREE He was from the Overhills, 1751. A headman of an Overhill town. One of the leaders of the Great Tellico faction.

USLUNECUS He was from the Overhills (Tenase), 1754,

USTENEUE He was from the Overhills (Tuskasegee), 1754.

WARD, NANCY She was from the Overhills, 1755-1775. Known as Ghighau, Nanyehi, War Woman, Most Beloved Woman . After 1755, she led the women's war council. She was Tame Doe's daughter, and Little Carpenter's niece. Raised by Oconostota and Lucy Ward. She married Kingfisher, and later Bryant Ward. She was from Chota, and later Womankiller Ford. Born in 1738 at Chota and died in 1822 an Ocoee River, A member of the Wolf Clan.

WARRIOR OF ESTATOE He was from the Lower towns, 1753- 1761.Cherokee name, Ecuwe. Also called the Old Warrior of Estatoe, Ayatsigi (Warrior). The head warrior of the Lower towns. Went with the Little Carpenter's peace delegation to the English in 1761.

WARRIOR OF NOITLEY He was from the Valley towns, 1751.Cherokee term for warrior, 'Ayatsigi.'

WARRIOR OF STECOE He was from the Middle towns, 1760. Died as a hostage at Fort Prince George on 8 February 1760 at 7:00 P.M.

WARRIOR OF TENASE He was from the Overhills, 1754-1755. A warrior from Tenase.

WARRIOR OF TOMATLEY He was from the Overhills, 17 54-1755 A headman in Tomatley.

WARRIOR OF TOOGALOO He was from the Lower towns, 1751. Also called the Good Warrior or Old Warrior.

WARRIOR OF TOQUA He was from the Overhills, 1754. A headman of Toqua

WAUTEKA He was from the Middle towns Ioree, 1759.

WHITE, ANDREW He was from the Lower towns, 1751-1752. A half breed from Keowee. He killed an Englishman at the Occonies. In 1752, he was held as a prisoner of the English.

WHITE OWL He was from the Middle towns, 1761. Called the King of Kituwah, and killed on 29 May 1761 in battle.

WHITE OWL He was from the Overhills, 1757. Cherokee name Ookoonaka. A young warrior and son of Little Carpenter. He was &om Toqua and later Natchey Creek.

WHITE OWL He was from the Lower towns, 1761. He was a diplomat of Oconostota, who was sent to demand peace with the English in 176L He was from Toxaway.

WHOATEHE 1759. Held hostage at Fort Prince George by the British and murdered in February 1760.

WHOKLORER He was from the Lower towns, 1754. A headman over Keowee.

WILLENAWAH He was from the Overhills, 1751-1777. Also called Gray Eagle, Great Eagle, Tiftoa, Woolenawah, and Woolochuoah. He was from Tenase and later Great Tellico. A warrior.

WOHACHE He was from the Lower towns, 1748-1757. Also called Ohatchee, Wawhatchee, Wayayochy, Wryoche, and Yorhatche. A headman over three Lower towns. He served as a speaker for Lower towns, and was against the English interest. He was from Keowee. He replaced Skiagunsta of Keowee as the head warrior of the Lower towns in 1753. As a young warrior (1748) he lived in Conasatchee (Sugar Town). In 1756, he attempted to separate the Lower towns from the authority of Chota.

WOLF He was from the Lower towns, 1756-1761. Cherokee name Waya. A head warrior in the Lower towns. Associated with Willenawah, and was from Keowee.

WOLF KING He was from the Overhills, 1760. He went with the Old Warrior to New Orleans in 1760, to request presents from the French.

YACHTANNO He was from the Lower towns, 1759. He took English scalps on the Broad and Catawba Rivers, and was an associate of Saloue (Seroweh). He was from Estatoe.

YACHTINO He was from the Overhills, 1757-1762. Also called Youghtanno. In 1757, he led forty warriors from Chilohowie and Telassee against Fort Duquesne. He was visited by Lieutenant Henry Timberlake in 1762, and was from Chilohowie.

YAHOKA He was from the Lower towns, 1753. A headman in Keowee.

YELLOWBIRD He was from the Lower towns, 1751-1754. Cherokee name Cheesquatarone. He was from Estatoe. One of the head warriors of the Middle towns. He was from Ioree (Jore) or Watoga.

YORHATCHE He was from the Lower towns (Toxaway), 1753.

YOROGOTOGASKEE He was from the Lower towns, 1717. He received presents from the British in South Carolina.

YOUNG TWIN He was from the Lower towns, 1760. Little Carpenter accused him of murders, and turned him over to the English. This was to get the release of several key chiefs held at Fort Prince George. Associated with the Slave Catcher of Conasatchee (Sugar Town).

YOUNG WARRIOR He was from the Lower towns, 1761-1766. He was a young warrior from Estatoe, and against the English interest.

Cherokees found in Genealogical Records

ABRAM - He was from Chilohowie, and led one division in the Cherokee War of 1776. Murdered by John Kirk Jr. on 4 June 1788.

ARCHIE, JOHN - He was from Running Water, and was a half- breed trader who lived with Dragging Canoe in 1777.

BADGER - He was from Eustanally. The Cherokee word for Badger was Occunna. Attakulla-kulla's son and Dragging Canoe's brother. He led diplomatic missions to Canada and Detroit in 1783-1784.

BENCH - (Same as Bob Benge) Nephew of Old Tassel and relative of John Watts. He served as a lieutenant under Dragging Canoe.

BENGE, BOB - Born about 1760 in the Overhills, and was Old Tassel's nephew. One of Dragging Canoe's most feared warriors. Worked with Shawnees. Killed in Virginia in 1794.

BENGE, JOHN - Father of Bob Benge. He was a white trader and friend of Dragging Canoe.

BENGE, LUCY - 1776-1846,

BIG FELLOW - He delivered talks from John Watts to colonial officials in 1792.

BIG FOOL - He was from Chickamauga. One of two headmen over Chickamauga town.

BIG FOOT - Creek Name, Oolaselana. Also called Black Foot. A Creek headman, that took part in the Coldwater expedition. Killed in 1787, There was also a Chickasaw leader known by this name.

BLACK FOX - He was from Eustanally. The Cherokee word for Black Fox was Inah or Enola. Nephew of Dragging Canoe. In 1819, the Principal Headman of the Cherokee Nation

BLOODY FELLOW - The Cherokee word for Bloody Fellow was Nentooyah. He was a seceding chief in 1777. Ile worked with Dragging Canoe and later the Americans. Washington named him the Algonkian name "Iskaqua" meaning "clear sky," Was a part of the peace faction that went to Philadelphia, 12) December 1791.

BOB - A slave owned by a trader named Sullivan. Associated with Istillicha and Cat, who were part of the Creek band of the Chickamaugas.

BOLD HUNTER - Same as Bowl, Duwali, or John(?) Bowles

BOOT - He was from Chickamauga. The Cherokee word for boot was Chulcoah A citizen of the Chickamauga towns

BOWL - He was from Running Water Cherokee name, Duwali. He was born about 1756 and was a headman by 1792. Also called Chief Bowles. He led the, Chickamaugas in battle at Muscle Shoals. He lived among the Creeks, though was married to a Cherokee woman. Chief Bowles was the son of a Scottish father (killed 1768) and Cherokee mother. Known to have had red hair and blue eyes. Three wives listed on the records: Jennie, Oolootsa, and Ootiva. He died at age, 84 in Texas.

BREATH - He was from Nickajack. The Cherokee word for breath was Unlita. Name defined as "long winded," or "good runner." Headman of Nickajack. Went to peace talk with Governor Witham Blount in 1792. Killed during Ore's Raid in 1794. A nephew lived with him.

BROOM - A Cherokee headman, who went to the peace talk with Governor Blount in 1792. Father-in-law of Charles Renatus Hicks.

BROWN, MRS. JAMES - Captured in 1788 by Chickamaugas, along with her children: Joseph, George, Jane, and Polly Brown. Relatives in Pendleton District, S.C.

BROWN, THOMAS - A British agent to the Upper Creeks and affiliate of John McDonald at Chickamauga. He raised a band of Tories from this region.

DUCK - Known to be a protesting headman at Sycamore Shoals in March 1775. A seceding headman in 1777. Messenger for Cameron in 1777. Served as a messenger between Robert Dews and Cameron in 1777.

CABIN - The Cherokee word for cabin was Kanechi. Went to peace talk with Governor William Blount in 1792.

CAHETOY - The Cherokee interpreter that travelled with the Northern Delegation in Summer 1776.

CAMERON, ALEXANDER - Called Scotchee by the Cherokees, and adopted by Dragging Canoe as his brother. British Deputy Agent to the Cherokees. He organized a band of Tories that attached to the Chickamaugas. Archibald and David Cameron served as British Tories. Alexander Cameron died 29 December 1781.

CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER - An associate of John McDonald. British trader, who held strong influence in the Lower Towns as late as 1793.

CAPPEE - Old Hop's adopted son. Said to have been a refugee African slave who served the French interest.

CAPTAIN ISAACS - Headman of the CooBawdas, who lived on Alabama River. Allied to Dragging Canoe, and participated in attacks on the Cumberland Valley.

CAT - A white man who was associated with latillicha and Bob. Associated with a Creek band that were allies of Dragging Canoe.

CELARLEY - He was from Running Water. Went to peace talk with Governor William Blount in 1792.

CHARLOTTE - Associated with Lying Fish in 1777.

CHAWOLKLY WARRIOR -

CHIHASAU WARRIOR - A Lower Creek headman that was an ally to John Stuart. Chihasau may be defined as Chickasaw.

CHINOBE - The, Great Natchez Warrior, and a Natchez diplomat. Went on peace mission to New York in 1790.

CHISHOLM, JOHN D.-

CIVIL, JACK - He was from Nickajack. A black man captured by the Chickamaugas who chose to remain with the tribe after his release as a prisoner.

COODY, ARCHIBALD - He married Elizabeth Meade.

COLBERT, JAMES - A Chickasaw trader that was associated with John Benge.

CORNELL, ALEXANDER -

COTETOY - He was from Tuckseegee of the Chickamauga Towns.

CRIER - A citizen of the Chickamauga towns.

CUSSITAH KING - Cussitah is defined as 'Upper Creek,' or Creeks living near the Coosa River. Allied to the Chickamauga Confederacy in 1777.

DISTURBER - He went on the mission of peace to Philadelphia 28 December 1791.

DOUBLEHEAD - He was from Chickamauga. The Cherokee word for Doublehead was Tultsuska. Also called "Kill Baby," and Autowwe (walking). Name defined as 'two heads.' Old Tassel's brother and John Watt's uncle. Served in Dragging Canoe's resistance force. Later, moved to Center Star, Alabama and Muscle Shoals. Listed as a full-blood. He was murdered by Alexander Sanders in 1807.

DRAGGING CANOE - He was from Running Water. The Cherokee word for Dragging Canoe was Tsiyugunsini. Born about 1738 in the Overhills. The head warrior and prophet of the Chickamauga Confederacy. Died 1 March 1792, and is buried beneath Nickajack Lake.

EMISTIGUO - The Upper Creek (Cussita) Principal Man, who worked with Cameron and Dragging Canoe in efforts to unify the Creeks and Cherokees. He died in April 1783 leading an attack on the frontier near Savannah, Georgia.

FIELDS, GEORGE - A half-breed Cherokee who lived with John Watts. Son of Richard Fields. Served as a scout in the Cherokee Auxillaries under John Watts.

FIELDS, JOHN - Lived in five Lower (Chickamauga) towns.

FLUTE - The Cherokee word for Flute was Toochelar. Associated with DoubJehead and Glass.

FOOL CHARLEY - Killed on 12 June 1783 in the attack by Captain John Beard.

FOOL WARRIOR - A citizen of the Chickamauga towns Died 2 June 1788 in battle near Hiwassee.

GLASS - He was from Lookout Mountain town. The Cherokee word for glass was adaketi. Cherokee name, Tauqueto. Lieutenant under Dragging Canoe. Prominent from 1791-1809, and closely associated with Doublehead, Flute, and Richard Justice. In 1791, he led 60 warriors against the Cumberland settlements. A citizen of the Chickamauga towns, who later emigrated to the West, near Muscle Shoals, Alabama. Citizen of the Chickamauga towns. Also known as Thomas Glass.

GOURD - The Cherokee word for gourd is ganseti.

HANGING MAW - The Cherokee word for Hanging Maw was Uskwaliguta, which means 'his stomach hanging down.' A prominent headman during the Revolutionary War. A seceding headman in 1777. Wife named Betty.

HEADMAN OF HIWASSEE -Went to peace talk with Governor William Blount in 1792.

HICKS, CHARLES RENATUS - Born 1756, and married Nancy Broom, daughter of Broom. He was the son of Nathan Hicks.

HICKS, WILLIAM - Brother of Charles Renatus Hicks.

HOKOLESQUA - A Shawnee headman who travelled to Muscle Shoals to meet with Cherokees.

ISTILLICHA - Known as the Manslayer. A Hillabee Creek who was associated with Dragging Canoe in 1788. Also associated with Bob and Cat.

JUSTICE, DICK (Richard) - Cherokee name, Uwenahi and Tsusti means 'he has wealth." Lieutenant under Dragging Canoe. The conjuror or shaman at Lookout Mountain. He ran Justice's Ferry.

KIACHATALEE - He was from Nickajack. Name also spelled Kittegiska and Kitegisky, which means "he shot two." A seceding headman in 1777. He was Tom Tunbridge's step son, and of French Cherokee descent- Went to peace talk with Governor William Blount in 1792. Killed at Buchanan's Station on 30 September 1792.

KINGFISHER - He was from Eustanally. Also called Jobbees Son. Part of peace faction that went to Philadelphia on 28 December 1791,

KINNARD, JACK - An Upper Creek who worked with the Chickamaugas.

LASKIGITCHI - He was from Settico. Took part in the Cherokee War of 1776. Ninihica's brother. Put to death while captive of American forces.

LITTLE DEER - He was from Settico. The Cherokee word for Little Deer was Awiusdi. An early Cherokee nationalist, probably from the Middle settlements. Oconostota swore a warrant on his death. He attempted to capture and kill the trader, Isaac Thomas.

LITTLE OWL - The Cherokee word for Little Owl was Ookoousdi. Attakullak"a's son and Dragging Canoe's brother. Served as Dragging Canoe's emissary to the British in Canada and Detroit. A seceding headman in 1777. Killed at Buchanan's Station in 1792.

LONG FELLOW - Cherokee name, Tuskegetchee. Born about 1737. Nancy Ward's Brother and Dragging Canoe's first cousin. A seceding headman in 1777.

LONG HAIR - The Cherokee word for Long Hair was Gilugunhita. He fought against General Anthony Wayne in 1794

LONG WARRIOR - A Creek headman who attempted to capture all Creeks allied to the Americans in April 1776. Associated with Pumpkin King.

LOWERY,GEORGE - Held the rank of Major in the Cherokee Auxillaries. Born at Tuskegee in 1770, and died 20 October 1852- Buried at Tahlequah (Oklahoma). From the family of Nannie, daughter of Ghigoneli, the daughter of Oolootsa of the Holly Clan. He married Lucy Benge. Visited George Washington as a representative of the Chickamaugas.

LOWERY, JOHN - Married Elizabeth Shorey and Ganelugi. Son of George Lowery and Ghigoneli, and grandson of Oolootsa of the Holly Clan. He was the son-in-law of John McDonald,

LYIN FISH - He was from Toqua. The Cherokee term for Lying Fish was Utsutiganagohi or Utsutagana. A seceding headman in 1777. He and his nephew served as interpreters.

MCCLURE,-

MCDANIEL, - A Cherokee trader who lived near Dragging Canoe's camp in 1777.

MCDONALD,JOHN - He ran a trading business at Lookout Mountain. Married Annie Shorey, daughter of William Shorey (English) and Ghigooie (full blood Cherokee woman of the Bird Clan). One of John Stuart's Cherokee deputies. He moved to Lookout Mountain around 1770 where he ran a trading post. Former Cherokee trader and of Scottish descent. British agent of Chickamauga.

MCGILLIVARY, ALEXANDER - He was from Little Talassie (Upper Creek town). Upper (Coosa) Creek leader who worked with Dragging Canoe on establishing a confederacy. Son of Lachlan McGiffivary, and of Scottish/Cherokee descent. Allied to Spanish in 1784, and died 17 February 1794. Buried in Pensacola, Florida.

MADDOG - He was from Tuckabatchies. A Creek headman, who was killed by Anthony Bledsoe's slave, Abraham, May be the same as Dog Lieutenant in 1777.

MALLET,POLLY - A French woman raised among the Cherokees. She married Tom Tunbridge.

MANKILLER - He was from Settico The Cherokee word for mankiller was Outacite- Also called Utsidihi and Lame Arm. Oconostota's younger brother and the son of the Smallpox Conjuror of Settico.

MIDDLESTRIKER - He was from Willstown. The Cherokee word for Middlestriker was Oonoyahka. A citizen of the Chickamauga towns. He and the White Mankiller led 55 warriors.

MOUTH - He was from Tellico. Known as the Mouth of Tellico. He was associated with the war faction in 1776.

NETTLE CARRIER - The Cherokee word for Nettle Carrier or Hemp Carrier was Talotiskee or Taladanegiski. A brother of Old Tassel. Killed at Ish's Station in 1793.

NINIHICA - He was ftom. Settico. He was the brother of Laskig-itchi, and a relative of Terrapin (Terrapin was the son of Oconostota).

NONTUAKA - Went to peace talk with Governor William Blount in 1792.

NORTHWARD - Known as 'the Northward.' Went on mission of peace to Philadelphia 28 December 1791.

OSALOTISKA - A Lower Creek headman who led 500 Greeks in the Battle of Buchanan's Station, 30 September 1792.

OSIOOTA - He was from Chilohowie. He served with the northern delegation to Chota, 1776. He took the war belt from Dragging Canoe and struck the war pole.

OSTENACO - He was from Judd's Creek. Also called Mankiller or Outacite, Otossity, and Judd's Friend. A possible son of Kittegusta, the Second man of Chota One of Oconostota's chief warriors. Went to Fngland with HenryTimberlake in 1762.

OTTER LIFTER - He was from Running Water. The Cherokee word for Otter Lifter was Chiakoneskie or Tsiyahanesski. Headman of Chickamaugas who lived at Running Water town.

OWL'S SON - He was a young warrior from Lookout Mountain town..

PEARIS, RICHARD - A Cherokee (Overhills) trader, who later was a British Tory, and held the rank of Ensign.

PRICE, MOSES - He was from Lookout Mountain town. A half-breed who travelled to England with John Bowles. An interpreter.

PRINCE - The term "Prince," or "Princess" has no relevant usage in the Cherokee language. This English usage refers to a second man or second woman. The term prince was often used to describe Kittegunsta or second man. The subject was obviously a man of notable recognition within a region. This Cherokee man went on the mission of peace to Philadelphia 28 December 1791.

PUMPKIN BOY - The Cherokee word for Pumpkin Boy was Iyahuwagiatsutsa. Old Tassel's brother. Killed at Ish's Station.

PUMPKIN KING - A Creek headman who attempted to capture all Creeks allied to the Americans in April 1776. Associated with Long Warrior.

RAVEN - He was from Chota. Temporarily attached to Dragging Canoe in the Cherokee War of 1776. Oconostota's chief advisor and relative. Known as Savanooka, or Shawnee.

RED BIRD - He was from Chilohowie. The Cherokee word for Red Bird was Tsisquaya. He helped slay the Kirk family.

RED HAWK - A Shawnee chief who gave wampum to Dragging Canoe.

RIDGE - The Cherokee word for Ridge was Nannahidihi. Gunandalegi means "one who follows the ridge."

RILEY, JOHN - Son of Samuel Riley (Gulustiyu) and Nigodigeyu.

RISING FAWN - The Cherokee word for Rising Fawn was Agiligina or Agili, which means "he is rising." Some have referred to it as Kenoteta A headman of the Lower Cherokees in 1790.

ROGERS, - A Cherokee trader who lived among the Chickamaugas in 1780, and was mentioned by John Donelson

ROSS, JOHN - The grandson of John McDonald.

SAVANNAH JACK - He was from Tallapoosa, and was of the Savannah tribe of South Carolina. This tribe lived along the Savannah River and were, of Shawano descent. There was always an element of resistance among these people, and Savannah Jack was one of their boldest leaders. Savannah Jack spent 40 years contesting American western expansion. He and a number of Savannah warriors settled among the Upper Creeks, and later among the Chickamauga Confederacy. He served with the Red Sticks in their war against General Andrew Jackson (Creek War, 1813). Later, he resided in Florida among Spanish associates. Though his warriors were few, his war against American western expansion was significant. He was associated with Charles and William Weatherford.

SCANTEE - Killed in attack by Captain John Beard 12 June 1793.

SCOTT, LT. WALTER - Led 300 Cherokees in attack on frontiers of Georgia and South Carolina in May 1779.

SEAGRAVES, JAMES - An Irishman who served as Superintendent of the Creek Nation about 1791. Lived at Oconee.

SEED-

SEMPLE, THOMAS - The messenger from Alexander Cameron to Robert Dews in 177T

SEMPOYATFE - A Creek warrior allied to the British in 1777.

SHAWNEE WARRIOR - He was from Running Water, and leader of the Shawnees at Running Water. Led 30 Shawnee warriors under the command of John Watts, and died in battle near Nashville, 1792.

SKIUKA - Also spelled Skiuga, which means 'ground squirrel." He surrendered at Lookout Mountain town in 1782, and defeated by Sevier's Tennessee volunteers.

SLIM TOM - He was from Chilohowie, and was the instigator of the Kirk massacre.

STANIDING TURKEY - The Cherokee word for Standing Turkey was Kanorcortuker. A half-breed Cherokee. He was the son of Old Hop, and relaced him as principal headman in 1760, after appointment by Oconostota and Kittegunsta. He delivered black beads from John Watts.

TAHLONTEESKEE - Prominent Chickamauga warrior 1792, and Principal headman in 1818. Nephew of John Watts. His brother was John Jolly, and he was the brother-in-law of Doublehead. Moved to Blue Water Creek in Arkansas after 1805.

TAIL - He was from Wills Town. The Cherokee word for tail was Utarm. May have been called Martin Benge, son of John Benge and brother of Bob Benge.

TALLASSEE KING - He was from Hlayeatskey. An Upper Greek that worked with the Chickamaugas. Associated with Chickamaugas in 1777. Wife and son murdered by the Americans. In 1790, he went on mission of peace to New York.

TALOTISKEE - He was from Broken Arrow, He led 83 Creeks under John Watts command, and died in battle near Nashville in 1792.

TATLANTA - A citizen of the Chickamauga towns.

TEAKAKISKIE - He was from Hiwassee. He was at the Grand Cherokee Council in 1792.

TECUMSEH - He lived at Running Water for a short period.. Tecumseh and his brothers, Cheeseekau and the Prophet served with the Shawnees of Running Water town. Cheeseekau was killed in battle. Their mother "Methoataska' had Creek ties.

THOMPSON, JOHN -

TSALADIRI - A protestor at the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals. Name may be Charley Killer (Tsalidihi) or Three Killer (Tsadihi).

TUNBRIDGE, TOM - A white man who married a captured French woman. Captor of Joseph Brown. Irishman.

TURTLE AT HOME - He was from Running Water, and was Attakullakulla's son and Dragging Canoe's younger brother. He ran a ferry at Nickajack. On 15 March 1792, he became headman over Running Water town.

TUSKIGATCHEE - Went to peace talk of Governor William Blount in 1792.

TUWEEKEE - He was from Cowee, and known as the, Cowee Warrior. Served as a Cherokee diplomat to the British in Pensacola during Walter Scott's raid on the Georgia and South Carolina frontiers.

VANN, JOHN - Mixed blood Cherokee, Responsible for the Brown incident. Lived at Running Water or Nickajack.

WALKER, JOHN - A half-breed C herokee who lived with John Watts. Served as a scout for John Watts and was a Major in the Cherokee Auxillaries.

WARRIOR OF CHILOHOWIE - He and Dragging Canoe were blamed for starting the Cherokee War of 1776. Same as Old Abram of Chilohowie.

WARRIOR OF SETTICO - He helped start the Cherokee War of 1776. Was a relative to Terrapin of Sugar Town, Laskigitchi, Oconostota and Ninihica.

WARRIOR OF TOQUA - Associated with the war faction in 1776.

WATTS, JOHN - He was from Toqua. Also called Young Tassel or Kunokeski. He became the Chickamauga Head warrior after Dragging Canoe's death in 1792. He was a seceding headman in 1777, and wounded at Buchanan's Station in 1792. In 1792, Watts led 167 Cherokees, 30 Shawnees (under Shawnee Warrior), and 83 Creeks (Under Talotiskee). At one point, he led 300 mounted troops, and in the attack on Knoxville, he supposedly led 1000 warriors, 1793. Died at Willstown in 1808. His mother was a sister of Old Tassel.

WEATHERFORD, CHARLES - Lived among the Chickamaugas. Ile was married to Sehoy, the half sister of Alexander McGillivary. He was the son of William Weatherford. He later participated in the Creek War of 1813 with the Red Sticks, and was associated with Savannah Jack.

WEBBER, WILL - He was from Nequassee. A half-breed Cherokee, and possible brother of Ostenaco. His father was said to be a British officer. He was called Red-headed Will Webber, and Willstown was named after him.

WHITE BIRD TAIL KING - An Upper Creek headman allied to the Chickamaugas.

WHITE MANKILLER - The Cherokee terms for White Mankiller were Ishettechi, Unenegattee, Unegadihi, and Unacatadihi. He was Attakullakulla's son and Dragging Canoe's brother. Killed at Buchanan's Staion in 1792.

WHITE MANKILLER - John Watt's brother. Associated with Middlestriker and a nephew of Old Tassel.

WILBANKS, CAPTAIN - A refuge Tory, who lived with Dragging Canoe for a short period.

WILL - He was from Running Water. Went to peace talk of Governor William Blount in 1792. May be the same as Will Webber.

WILLENAWAH - The Great Eagle, and a brother of Attakullakulla. During the French and Indian Wars (1760), Willenawah led an attack on Fort Loudon, a British fort located about 11 miles South of modern Knoxville, Tennessee. A protester at the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals.

WILLIS, FRANK -

YACHTINA - A Cherokee from the Valley Settlements who went to the Charlotte (American) conference in 1776.

YOUNG DRAGGING CANOE - Son of Dragging Canoe. From Lookout Mountain town. Known as Young Canoe.

YOUNG EAGLE -

A Study of Cherokee Names

Dates shown is the year the name was recorded.

Adaketi Glass 1780

Adalegadeah Treasure 1848

Adsiletoakee Falling Blossom 1848

Adseiletoskih Falling Blossom 1848

Aganstata Groundhog Sausage 1750

Aganunitsi Groundhog's Mother Agili Rising Fawn 1790

Ahkumneh Badger 1848

Ahneecheh Blacksmith 1852

Ahquatagih Home Guards 1848

Ahsehnosteh Genius 1848

Ahtzeela Fire 1848

Ahuateskee Dew 1835

Ahuludegi He Throws Away The Drum 1800

Ahwaheelee Eagle 1836

Aleechee Sinkey 1848

Amacunneh Back Water 1848

Amasooyeh Mixed Water 1848

Ammouskossittee Bad Water 1740

Amohsoogeh Mixed Water 1848

Amohchunneh Rock Water 1848

Amohsoogeh Mixed Water 1848

Amoyah Pigeon 1757

Antossity Man-killer 1746

Archoonagiltih Ugly Arch 1848

Astoogartogeh Standing In The Door 1848

Astugataga Standing In The Doorway 1862

Ataluntiski Throws Away A Living Object 1818

Attakullakulla Leaning Wood 1760

Aumuhsuyeh Water Mixed 1852

Aunooyohee She Looks for a Rock 1811

Awaneta (Lower) Baby or Young Deer 1880

Awanita (Upper) Baby or Young Deer 1890

Awee Deer 1848

Awieqwa Elk 1900

Awiusdi Little Deer 1755

Ayatsigi Warrior 1753

Ayunini Swimmer 1899

Aywee Deer 1848

Baltalatee Fermament 1817

Canorcortuker Standing Turkey 1754

Caulurina Raven 1700

Chalewwee July 1848

Cheakahneeskah Otter Sifter 1848

Cheealeeih Neck For Him 1848

Cheeoh Otter 1848

Cheescoyeh Bug 1848

Cheesguhneet Young Bird 1852

Cheesneeteh Young Bird 1848

Cheesquaneet Bird 1848

Cheesquatalone (Upper)2 Yellow Bird 1751

Cheesquoh Sparrow 1848

Cheesquohstee Old Bird 1848

Cheesquoterone (Lower) Yellow Bird 1760

Cheestoo Rabbit 1848

Cheeyuhkanaskih Otter 1851

Cheeyuhkanaskih Otter Sifter 1852

Cherheleh Fox 1848

Chesquah Bird 1817

Chetogganakih Crowing Chicken 1848

Cheulah Fox 1762

Chialkoneski Otter Lifter 1780

Chicunekunehatih Long Blanket 1848

Chicksuttahee Chickasaw Killer 1848

Chingkohwohlesskih Fetches A Price 1848

Chiula Weaver 1848

Cholegokesih Tobacco 1851

Cholegokesih Tobacco Smoke 1852

Choocholatah Ground Hog 1851

Choocholatah Ground Hog 1852

Chooestotoggeh Calf Of The Sea 1848

Choohoola Fox 1848

Choolookih Bank 1848

Chooluh Fox 1852

Choonawhinka Rattler 1852

Choonshutla Thicket 1848

Chootauehneh Store Keeper 1848

Chootawehneh Store Keeper 1848

Chualuke Calf Of The Sea 1848

Chuchu Martin 1848

Chuestoolih Tobacco Smoke's Uncle 1848

Chulcoah Boot 1780

Chunahoonteh Floated Down 1848

Chunailetih Eight Killer 1848

Chunailtih Eight Killer 1848

Chunellukah Stamp 1848

Chunollaigeh Rising Smoke 1848

Chunowhinka Rattler 1848

Chusawtinish Out Spread Arms 1848

Chutinniah Old Cat 1848

Chutloh Kingfisher 1755

Clahquahlehtah Blue Bird 1836

Clawyaeahnah Lyin in the Field 1836

Clonteesta Pheasant 1848

Clunlusy Leech 1761

Collanah (Upper) Raven 1684

Colina (Upper) Haven 1756

Connahut Long Will 1848

Connahalakee Hunter 1848

Connahut Long Will 1848

Connasuhtah Trash 1848

Connohanee Big Head 1836

Connososkee Trash Picker 1848

Coonutseh Bunch Of Arrows 1848

Corane (Lower) Raven 1750

Cotsuttehee Creek (Coosita) Killer 1848

Cuawakeh Cold Weather 1848

Cuhtahlatah Wild Hemp

Cunneeskee Grass 1848

Danawanuguweasu Great Warrior

Dasigiyagi Shoe Boots

Dayugidaidd Slave Catcher 1751

Deesquawalleh Crosi3ways 1848

Degataga Standing Together 1860

Diganeski He Picks Them Up 1860

Diwali Bowl 1790

Duwali Bowl 1792

Edahi He Goes About 1900

Egaculla Noon Day 1848

Enola Black Fox 1848

Enolih Black Fox 1852

Etawahatsistatlaski Deadwood Lighter

Eunoch Trout 1817

Galagina Mate Deer or Buck 1830

Ganuhidugili Long Dog 1761

Ganuhidutsani Long Jack 1752

Gatunwali Big Mush 1842

Ghighau Beloved Woman 1755

Giligunnage Black Dog 1760

Gitlugunahita Long Hair 1795

Gundigaduhunyi Little Turkey 1792

Hanoosih Leach 1848

Hiskyteehee Five Killer 1755

Hoveiyahih Coming Deer 1851

Howaqua Elk 1848

Howaquh Elk 1852

Howeetehyoheh Coming Deer 1848

Howestuke Little Deer 1848

Howetoyahih Coming Deer 1852

Ihuahneh Swimmer 1848

Inadunai Going Snake 1820

Inali Black Fox 1790

Inyeannih Swimmer 1848

Iskagua (Algonkian) Clear Sky 1791

Iyahuwagiatsutsa Pumpkin Boy 1780

Iyantooga Bathing In The Water 1848

Jyostah Spoiler 1848

Jyouteh Spoiler 1848

Juneluskey The Bear Drowns Him 1817

Kagumu Cucumber

Kahrullah Thigh 1817

Kahsehhelah Flea 1848

Kalahu All Bones 1751

Kalaneeska Wood's Fire 1848

Kaloanauleski Deer River 1848

Kalosteh Little Dog 1848

Kalowskih Locust 1851

Kanahena Sour Hominy 1760

Kanati Lucky Hunter

Kanechi (Lower) Cabin 1758

Kanechi (Upper) Cabin 1758

Kanekadi Physician 1758

Kannicutto-catoga Standing Turkey 1814

Kanorkortuker Standing Turkey 1754

Katalsta I Lend It 1820

Katoga Standing 1848

Keenakinneh Lying Fawn 1848

Keeneettehhee Fawn Killer 1848

Kemkataga Standing Turkey 1848

Kemtakee Standing Turkey 1848

Kenoteta Rising Fawn 1750

Keyonka Ground Squirrel 1848

Killikeenab Buck 1800

Killstoggib Bull Bat 1848

Kilstoquoh Bull Bat 1851

Kitegiska He Shot Two 1777

Kittegunsta Prince 1760

Kiyuga Ground Squirrel 1900

Klahentulseh. Panther 1848

Klatentulseh Panther 1848

Klunteesteh Pheasant 1851

Klunteestih Pheasant 1852

Klunteester Pheasant 1852

Kohenaih Ground Bird 1851

Koheniah Granny Bird 1852

Kolegeeskih Pine Pecker 1852

Kooelehwhoskee Locust 1848

Koonelehwhoskee Locust 1848

Kooqueh Partridge 1848

Kulloosteh Old Axe 1848

Kunnaskuh Grass 1851

Kunokeski Young Tassel 1777

Kunteeska Stealer 1848

Kyahooagih Saddle 1848

Kyahoologih Saddle 1848

Nancheah Lying Down 1848

Nanqueessea Star 1851

Natseah Lying Alone 1848

Naucheyuh Arch Otter 1851

Nauqueersee Star 1852

Nawatteh Grits 1848

Nayahootagee Rock Pitcher 1836

Nayehi One Who Goes About 1900

Nenetooyah Bloody Fellow 1780

Ninatoogah Bloody Fellow 1780

Nunnahidihi Path Killer 1813

Occunna Badger 1783

Oganstota Groundhog Sausage 1817

Ohetloh Leaves 1848

Oknakatoka Standing In The Water 1848

Onitositah Corn Tassel 1775

Oocummuh Badger 1852

Oochahchat Tassel 1848

Oocolajoh Flying Squirrel 1851

Ooeyos Old Blanket 1848

Oogatunlih Feather 1851

Oogatutlih Feather 1852

Oogatutleh Feather 1848

Ookoniah Ground Hog In Hole 1848

Ookoonaka White Owl 1757

Ookoousdi Little Owl 1777

Oolayeyeh Gone Astray 1848

Oolstooeh Leaves 1848

Oonahsooga Winter Grape 1848

Oonalla Storm 1848

Oonannooteh Cornsilk 1848

Oonawnooteh Cornsilk 1848

Oonelanah They Have Climbed 1848

Oonockeh Trout 1848

Oonodutu Bushyhead 1760

Oonoyehka Middlestriker 1780

Ooqualooyoih Old Otter 1852

Ooscuntina Fool 1836

Ooskellokih Hog Bite 1851

Ooskellokih Hog Bite 1852

Ootahyulaneh Gone to hunt Him 1848

Ootolanoostih Walking Stick 1848

Ootoluhnoostih Walking Stick 1851

Ootoluhnoostih Walking Stick 1852

Oatoosetih Mankiller 1760

Ootoyathe Singed 1848

Ootsutteheahukah Lying Fish 1848

Ouconaco White Owl 1730

Oukah Ulah To be Principal headman 1759

Oukah Yuda To be Principal headman 1730

Outossity Mankiller 1750

Owehaneetah Young bear 1848

Owweecuttangih Standing Deer 1848

Poogoolekeska Gourd Eater 1836

Sahweh Nelly Hickory Nut 1848

Salalanita Young Squirrel 1880

Salaleesih Persimmon Carrier 1848

Salawhoyah Feather 1848

Salocoxkih Tobacco Smoke 1848

Salolaneta Young Squirrel 1848

Saulowee Fox 1810

Savanooka Shawnee 1760

Sawanugi Shawano (Savannah) 1750

Shallelocke Speaker 1760

Shalleloske Speaker 1760

Shaliloski Speaker 1730

Sinnawa Hawk 1684

Skeleskee Beard 1817

Skiagunsta Great Warrior 1758

Skiagusta War Woman 1758

Skiauka Ground Squirrel 1780

Skiuka Ground Squirrel 1782

Soola Buzzard 1848

Squallequah Otter 1848

Staheetih Twisted Rope 1848

Stooeskih Key 1848

Suloleh Squirrel 1851

Sutaleetehe Six Killer 1817

Sutkeh Mink 1848

Suyeta I Am Mixing It 1900

Syastah Spolier 1817

Tacite Mankiller 1751

Tagwadihi Catawba Killer 1790

Tahahnih Terrapin 1852

Tahthuntah Overtaker 1848

Tahtlentah English Jim 1848

Takatoka, Standing Together 1860

Talotiskee Nettle Carrier 1793

Taltsuska Doublehead 1800

Tanletzka Grasshopper 1848

Tatsi Dutch 1830

Tauletzka Grasshopper 1848

Tauqueto Glass 1800

Tauquotehee Catawba Killer 1848

Tawaliukwananti Punk Plugged In

Tawiskala Flint 1713

Tawyanetta Young Beaver 1848

Tawwahtee Hawk 1836

Tawyih Beaver 1848

Tecumaqualuska Graybeard 1848

Teehtehih Fighter 1848

Teeltatagee BearPaw 1848

Teetehih Fighter 1848

Telitallehin Borrower 1948

Tekahmih Terrapin 1851

Tekahnuh Terrapin 1852

Takahyawiskih Ground Squirrel 1851

Tekahyawiskih Ground Squirrel 1852

Tesoeskee Shavehead 1817

Tetolatoga Walking Stick 1851

Tetolenust Walking Stick 1852

Tetunnuskib. Big Witch 1852

Tewa Flying Squirrel 1751

Tewullee Bowl 1839

Teyolloh Roasting Ear 1848

Tickeonawheleh Coming On Wings 1848

Tiuhnahwahla Noisemaker 1848

Tluntisti Pheasant 1900

Tlutlu Kingfisher 1900

Tonellawhista Let Us Stop 1848

Tooantuh Spring Frog 1830

Toochelar Flute 1780

Toothistah He Has Failed 1848

Toowithkeh Big Spring Lizard 1848

Tossity Mankiller 1760

Toyaneetih Young Beaver 1848

Tsilegwa Big Witch 1896

Tsisquaya Red Bird 1788

Tsiyahanesski Otter Lifter 1780

Tsiyugunsini He Is Dragging It (Canoe) 1775

Tskilegwa Big Witch 1900

Tsulawi Fox 1810

Tsunelatehe Eight Killer 1817

Tsunulahunski He Tried But Fails 1820

Tsunuiiyusunestlata Split Noses 1730

Tsusti He Has Wealth 1780

Tunnoieh Going 1848

Tuskasah Terrapin 1765

Tuskegetchee Long Fellow 1777

Tuski Terrapin 1780

Ukoma Broth 1758

Unakateehee White Mankiller 1792

Unegadihi White Mankiller 1790

Unlita Breath 1780

Untoola Gun Rod 1775

Uskwalena BuIlhead 1751

Uskwaliguta His Stomach Hangs Down 1788

Usquelusquee Squirrel 1817

Ustutagana Lying Fish 1777

Ustutiganagohi Lying Fish 1777

Utana Tail 1753

Utaledanigisi Nettle (Hemp) Carrier 1790

Utsaleta Pot Scrapings 1835

Utsidihi Lame Arm 1760

Utaidsata Old Tassel 1780

Wachetchew Grasshopper 1848

Wagonia Whipporwill 1848

Wahatehee Spanish Ply 1848

Waheyahkatokah Standing Wolf 1852

Waheyuhkatokuh Standing Wolf 1851

Wahykaloona Wolf Tracker 1848

Wahyulskih Partridge 1851

Wahyulskih Partridge 1852

Waya Wolf 1756

Weahskullah Shell 1817

Wessah C at 1848

Whatanih Without Fire 1848

Whayakah Grass Grow 1817

Whoganetta Young Wolf 1848

Willenawah Great Eagle 1751

Wosehhih Deep Creek 1852

Wosehhin Deep Creek Boss 1851

Woyahutleh Going Up Stream 1848

Woyahutaleh Trotting Wolf 1848

Wrosetasatow Mankiller 1721

Yahnugungyahski Drowning Bear 1820

Yanugunski The Bear Drowns Him 1820

Yanwiusgaseti Dangerous Man 1838

Yonah Bear 1848

Yonaheheweeah Bear Meat 1848

Yonakaleckih. Climbing Bear 1848

Yonaquah Big Bear 1848

Yonawaltla Setting (Sitting) Bear 1848

Yonawoltleh Setting Bear 1848

Yoneqwa Big Bear 1800

Yoonervoksgyolee Bear Guts 1836

Zkonnoskiskeh Stealer 1848

Zoolegelih Cloud 1848


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